Ukiyo-e reference notes (2022-07-16)

Useful miscellany 3

Numbers in Japanese 5

Searching keywords 5

Clothing 6

Hats 6

Jingasa (陣笠) 6

Fabric patterns 7

Asa-no-ha (hemp leaves) 7

Famous kabuki roles and their visual clues 7

Table of actor first & last names 8

Famous Meiji-period actors 9

Meiji actors and the ways their names are written 10

The 2 “Nakamura Fukusuke” actors 22

Carver’s seals 24

Kunichika 35

Signatures 35

Kunichika ga: 国周画 35

Ōju Kunichika ga: 應需国周画 (by demand…) 35

Ōju Kunichika hitsu: 應需国周筆 35

Hosai ga: 鴬斎画 35

Ichihosai yu ga: 一鶯斎遊画 35

Ichihosai Kunichika ga: 一鴬斎国周画 35

Kunichika hitsu: 国周筆 35

Toyohara Kunichika hitsu: 豊原国周筆 (hexagonal chika) 35

Toyohara Kunichika hitsu: 豊原国周筆 (square chika) 36

Meiji home addresses 36

Publisher’s seals 65

Pre 1875 65

1875 and later 76

Censor/date seals 107

1st period: Kiwame (1790-1805) 107

2nd period: Kiwame various (1805-1841) 108

3rd period: Nanushi censors (1842-1853) 108

4th period: Aratame with oval date (1853-1858) 112

5th period: Aratame with date inside (1859-1875) 114

6th period: Zodiac date in round seal (no aratame) (1872-1875) 121

Artist signatures 124

Gigadō Ashiyuki 124

Adachi Ginko 125

Toyohara Chikanobu 125

Morikawa Chikashige 126

Toyohara Chikayoshi 126

Utagawa Fusatane 127

Utagawa Hiroshige I 127

Utagawa Hiroshige II 127

Ikkei Shōsai 128

Utagawa Kokunimasa 128

Utagawa Kuniaki II 128

Toyohara Kunichika 129

Utagawa Kunimitsu 131

Toyokuni I 131

Utagawa Kunisada I 131

Utagawa Kunisada II 132

Utagawa Kunisada III 132

Utagawa Kuniteru 134

Utagawa Kuniyoshi 134

Unknown 135

Utagawa Sadatora 135

Utamaro 135

Ochiai Yoshiiku 136

Utagawa Yoshitora 136

Tsukioka Yoshitoshi 137

Aniline colours 137

Design clues in Kunichika prints 140

Print selling prices 140

Kabuki Jūhachiban 141

Printing effects 142

Embossing 142

Chikanobu – Poems for the Four Seasons (1887) 142

Ink effects – burnishing 143

Kunisada III (Kunimasa IV) 1888 144

Kunichika 1873 Kaga-Dyed with Plum Blossoms, Willows, and Cherry Blossoms 144

Useful miscellany

  • Publisher panel texts:
    • 印刷 (insatsu) = (date of printing)
    • 印刷者 insatsusha (printer)
    • 発行 (date of publishing)
    • 発行者 (hakkousha) = publisher
    • 出版人 (shuppanjin) = publisher
    • 作印刷 saku insatsu (production and printing)
    • 臨写 risha (copying)
    • 画工 (gakō) = artist
    • 板 = block, so used to mean “block owner” at the end of the publisher’s details
    • 定価 (teika) = price
  • Artist’s real names:
    • Chikanobu = Hashimoto Naoyoshi (橋本 直義) = Chikanobu (artistic name, 楊洲 周延 Yoshu Chikanobu)
    • Chikashige = Morikawa Otojirō (守川音治郎)
    • Chikayoshi = Suzuki Sato 鈴木 さと
    • Kunichika = Arakawa Yasohachi (荒川八十八) (画作 drawn)
    • Kunisada III / Kunimasa IV = 竹内栄久 = えいきゅう たけうち = Takeuchi Eikyū. Also translated as “Takenouchi Hidehisa” in some sources
    • Adachi Ginkō = Adachi Heishichi (安達 平七) also Shōsetsusai Ginkō (松雪斎 銀光)
  • Useful phrases:
    • 見立 = mitate; mitate-e … tribute/imagined pictures not based on any play
    • 歌舞伎座 新 狂言 = Kabuki-za Shin Kyogen (new plays at the Kabuki-za theatre)
    • Karazuri – embossing
    • Bokashi – fades
    • Mika-e – mica powder on an image
    • Itame Mokuhan – imitation woodgrain
    • Aka-e = red pictures
    • Tanzaku = piece of paper hung by a thread from bamboo at the Tanabata celebrations – used as cartouches in ukiyo-e
  • Theatres (座 = za)
    • 千歳 Chitose
    • 深野 Fukano / Fukono
    • 春木 Haruki
    • 市村 Ichimura (opens in 1623 as Murayamaza) to 1932 when it burned down
    • 歌舞伎 Kabuki (1889-today)
    • 明治 Meiji (opens as Kishôza 1873) to today
    • 守田 Morita-za (1610-) that became the Shintomi-za (-1923 when it was destroyed by an earthquake)
    • 村山 Murayama
    • 中村 Nakamura
    • 新富 Shintomi
  • Late Edo / Meiji Periods:
    • Bunsei (文政) April 1818 through December 1830
    • Tenpō (天保) December 1830 through December 1844
    • Kōka (弘化) December 1844 through February 1848
    • Kaei (嘉永) February 1848 through November 1854
    • Ansei (安政) November 1854 through March 1860
    • Man’en (万延) March 1860 through February 1861
    • Bunkyū (文久) March 1861 through March 1864
    • Genji (元治) March 1864 through April 1865
    • Keiō (慶応, historically 慶應) May 1865 to October 1868
    • Meiji (明治) October 23, 1868 to July 30, 1912
    • Taishō (大正) 30/07/1912 – 25/12/1926
    • Shōwa (昭和) 1926–1989
  • Signature additions:
    • Ichiyūsai [一雄斎] = used as a personal name prefixing Kunisada
    • Ōju [応需] = “to satisfy the demand/by demand”
    • Ōkō [應好] = “to satisfy the taste”
  • Actor additions:
    • [児太郎] 更 X = [actor’s name] changes to X
    • Or as above 改 = changes
  • Dates
    • 明治十一年 三月 四日 Meiji 11 3rd month 4th day literally: Meiji 11 year 3 [month] 4 day
    • In the East Asian calendar, the months are numbered 1–3 for spring, 4–6 for summer, 7–9 for autumn, and 10–12 for winter. The calendar in use in the 1830s follows a lunar cycle that starts about a month later than the Western calendar. For example, New Year’s Day is the first day of the first month but falls during the Western equivalent of February.
  • Character’s titles / descriptions & word endings:
    • *-ya … house of
    • *-mura … village
    • *-ni (the nun *)
    • * no okugata (*’s wife)
    • 判官 Hangan (discussing Yoshitsune) does not mean ‘judge’ in this case. It was an official court rank (3rd grade) that was bestowed upon him.
    • Gozen = “Lady” … a title of royal rank
    • Man = the maid who served as his lordship’s bathing attendant
    • Hime = Princess
  • Hats (kasa)
    • Sandogasa (三度笠): a traveller’s hat – flat topped with down-curved brim
    • Fukāmigasa of the sort known as tengai (天蓋): Straw basket hats worn but a sect of monks Komusō – Wikipedia
    • Roningasa (浪人笠): a conical straw hat with brim
    • Sugegasa (菅笠): a simple conical hat
  • Macron vowels: ĀŌŪĒ āōūē
  • Hentaigana https://hikog.gokenin.com/hentaiganaichiranhayamihyou.html
  • A nice mock tourist guide to 1830s Edo: https://blog.britishmuseum.org/historical-city-travel-guide-edo-tokyo-early-19th-century/

Numbers in Japanese

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 20 23 20 30 30 1
十一 十二 二十 二十三 廿

Searching keywords

歌川 Utagawa 國芳 Kuniyoshi
国貞 Kunisada 小国政 Kokunimasa
豊国 Toyokuni 広重 Hiroshige
豊原 国周 Toyohara Kunichika 広景 Hirokage
守川 周重 Morikawa Chikashige 廣貞 Hirosada
周延 Chikanobu 芳春 Yoshiharu
周義 Chikayoshi (girl) 芳盛 Yoshimori
芳幾 Yoshiiku 芳虎 Yoshitora
国明 Kuniaki 月岡 芳年 Tsukioka Yoshitoshi
国利 Kunitoshi 貞虎 Sadatora
国安 Kuniyasu 房種 Fusitane
香朝楼 Kōchōrō (Kunisada III) 安達 吟光 Adachi Ginko
豊斎 Hosai 哥麿 Utamaro
楳堂 Baidō 英泉 Eisen
国政 Kunimasa 礒田 湖龍斎 Isoda Koryūsai
月岡 雪鼎 Tsukioka Settei
役者絵 yakusha-e 古法純手摺木版画 Old method woodblock print
歌舞伎 Kabuki 歌舞伎 番付 Banzuke (playbill)
明治 Meiji 浮世絵 Ukiyo-e
三画 3 drawings 三枚 3 something
川瀬 巴水 Kawase Hasui
土屋光逸 Tsuchiya Koitsu 笠松紫浪 Shiro Kasamatsu
吉田博 Hiroshi Yoshida 小原古邨 Ohara Koson
浅野竹二 Takeji Asano 吉田 遠志 Tōshi Yoshida

Clothing

Hats

Jingasa (陣笠)

a type of kasa (hat) worn by samurai and ashigaru (foot soldiers).

Fabric patterns

Asa-no-ha (hemp leaves)

Traditional Japanese Patterns | Nippon.com

Famous kabuki roles and their visual clues

Play Role Features
Kagamiyama Kokyô no Nishikie” (aka. Kagamiyama) AND the sequel Iwafuji 岩藤 Kimono with pine and wisteria; with sandal in her hand

https://www.kabuki21.com/kagamiyama.php

Kagamiyama Gonichi no Iwafuji” (the sequel to Kagamiyama featuring the revenge of the ghost of Iwafuji) The ghost of Iwafuji 局岩藤亡魂 Kimono with pine and wisteria often with big letters 岩藤 written on it

https://www.kabuki21.com/gonichi_no_iwafuji.php

Soga Monogatari Soga Goro
曽我五郎
Butterflies on his kimono
Soga Juro
曽我十郎
Plovers on his kimono
Sukeroku (a side-story to Soga Monogatari) Sukeroku
助六
Wears a purple headband tied on the RIGHT – is actually Soga Goro – the sake seller is his brother Shinbê is Soga Juro
Miuraya Agemaki

揚巻

Often wears a leaping Koi design on her kimono in the first half of the play
Ikyū 意休 An old man with long grey hair and posh sword
Mukashi Moyō Sato no Sayaate. [scene usually set looking along a main-street with a cherry tree in the middle – 2 men facing-off and being held back by 1 or more people] Fuwa Banzaemon
不破伴左衛門
Wears a kimono decorated with a pattern of “lightning-in-the-clouds”
Nagoya Sanza

名古屋山三

Wears a kimono decorated with a “swallows-in-the-rain” pattern
Meiboku Sendai Hagi Nikki Danjō
仁木彈正
Dressed in grey, holding the scroll containing the list of conspirators in his mouth & a giant rat
Kanjincho (the subscription list) Yoshitsune 義経 Handsome, slight man with straw hat
Benkei 弁慶 Big, well-dressed man with little black cap tied on with white rope and holding a scroll
Togashi 富樫 Tall, curved black hat with a (pale blue) kimono decorated with plovers
Sanmon Gosan no Kiri (plus others, like Osanazakura Masago no Furisode) Ishikawa Goemon Big hair, dynamic poses and bright clothing with gold patterns
“Sakaro” from “Hirakana Seisuiki” the boatman Matsuemon, in reality Higuchi no Jirō A man climbing a pine tree to look for ships in the distance

https://www.kabuki21.com/hs.php

Table of actor first & last names

First name A-Z Last name A-M Last name M-Z
Arashi = 嵐

Bandō = 坂東

Ichikawa = 市川

Ichimura = 市村

Iwai = 岩井

Kataoka = 片岡

Kawarasaki = 河原崎

Matsumoto = 松本

Nakamura = 中村

Nakayama = 中山

Onoe = 尾上

Otani = 大谷

Sawamura = 沢村

Seki = 関

Suketakaya = 助高屋

Chokuro = 長九郎

Danjūrō = 團十郎

Denkuro = 伝九郎

Fukusuke = 福助

Ganjiro = 鴈治郎

Gonjūrō = 権十郎

Gonnosuke = 権之助

Hanshirō = 半四郎

Heikuro = 平九郎

Hikosaburō = 彦三郎

Hikozaemon = 彦左衛門

Ichizo = 市蔵

Jakuemon = 雀右衛門

Kakitsu = 家橘

Kamenojo = 亀之丞

Kanzaburo = 勘三郎

Kikugorō = 菊五郎

Kikujiro = 菊次郎

Kodanji = 小団次

Kumesaburo = 粂三郎

Kuzō = 九蔵

Matakuro = 又九郎

Mitsugorō = 三津五郎

Nakazo = 仲蔵

Nizaemon = 仁左衛門

Rikan = 璃寛

Sadanji = 左団次 or 左團治

Sagisuke = 鷺助

Sanjūrō = 三十郎

Sanohachi = 佐野八

Sansho = 三升

Shijaku = 紫若

Shikan = 芝翫

Shinkuro = 新九郎

Shinsui = 薪水

Sojuro = 宗十郎

Taganojo = 多賀之丞

Takasuke = 高助

Takematsu = 竹松

Takenojo = 竹之丞

Tamakashi = 玉柏

Tamizō = 多見蔵

Tanosuke = 田之助

Tokuro = 得郎 or 徳郎

Tomoemon = 友右衛門

Tossho = 訥升

Tsuruzo = 鶴蔵

Udanji = 右團次

Utaemon = 歌右衛門

Uzaemon = 羽左衛門

Yoshigoro = 良五郎

Famous Meiji-period actors

person name born change died
“Dan-Kiku-Sa” Kawarasaki Chōjūrō III 1838 1845-01
Kawarasaki Gonjūrō I 1852-09
Kawarasaki Gonnosuke VII 1869-03
Kawarasaki Sanshō 1873-09
Ichikawa Danjūrō IX
市川団十郎
1874-07 1903-09-13
“Dan-Kiku-Sa” Ichimura Kurōemon 1844-06-04 1848-11
Ichimura Uzaemon XIII 1851-01
Ichimura Kakitsu IV 1863-spr
Onoe Kikugorō V
尾上菊五郎
1868-08 1903-02-18
“Dan-Kiku-Sa” Ichikawa Tatsuzō 1842 1848
Ichikawa Koyone 1851
Ichikawa Shōjaku I 1862
Ichikawa Sadanji I
市川左団次
1864 1904-08-07
Nakamura Tamatarō I 1831-03-03 1831
Nakamura Komasaburō ?
Nakamura Masanosuke I 1838
Nakamura Fukusuke I 1839-04
Nakamura Shikan IV
中村芝翫
1860-07 1898-10
Bandō Tsurunosuke I 1832 1842-11
Bandō Takesaburō I 1846-01
Bando Hikosaburō V
坂東彦三郎
1856-03 1877-10-13
Sawamura Tosshō II
沢村訥升

(often transliterated as Totsushō)

1st lunar month of 1854 April 1879
Nakamura Fukusuke III (Takasagoya) 中村福助 3rd lunar month of 1868 September 1907
Nakamura Fukusuke IV (Narikomaya) May 1881 April 1901

Meiji actors and the ways their names are written

Actor Signatures
Arashi Wasaburō II or III [嵐和三郎]
Bando Hikosaburō V
坂東彦三郎
Bandō Kakitsu I
[坂東家橘]
Bandō Minosuke IV? [坂東蓑助]
Bandō Mitsugorō VI [坂東三津五郎]
Bandō Shinsui V
[坂東薪水]
Bandō Shūchō II
[坂東しう調]
Ichikawa Danjūrō IX
市川団十郎
Ichikawa Danroku
[市川団六]
Ichikawa Ennosuke I [市川猿之助]
Ichikawa Gonjūrō
[市川権十郎]
Ichikawa Hidari Isuke [市川左伊助]
Ichikawa Kodanji V [市川小団次]
Ichikawa Monnosuke V [市川門之助]
Ichikawa Sadanji I
市川左団次
Ichikawa Shōaku
[市川升若]
Ichikawa Udanji I

[市川九團次]

Ichikawa Yonezō
[市川米蔵]
Iwai Hanshirō VIII

[岩井半四郎]

Iwai Matsunosuke IV [岩井松之助]
Kataoka Gadō III
[片岡我童]
Kawarasaki Gonnosuke I

[河原崎権之助]

Kawarasaki Kunitarō II [河原崎国太郎]
Kawarasaki Sanshō VII [河原崎三升]
Nakamura Kanjaku [中村歌雀]

中村翫雀

Nakamura Karoku II [中村歌六]
Takasagoya (Nakamura) Fukusuke III

[高砂屋福助]

Nakamura Fukusuke IV (Narikomaya)
Nakamura Shikan IV
中村芝翫
Nakamura Sōjūrō

[中村宗十郎]

Nakamura Tokizō I

[中村時蔵]

Onoe Baikō V

[尾上梅幸]

Onoe Einosuke I

[尾上栄之助]

Onoe Kikugorō V
[尾上菊五郎]
Onoe Matsusuke IV [尾上松助]
Ōtani Hiroji V

[大谷紫道]

Onoe Tamizō II

[尾上多見蔵]

Onoe Taganojō II

[尾上 多賀之丞]

Sawamura Gennosuke IV

[沢村源之助]

Sawamura Tanosuke III [沢村田之助]
Sawamura Tosshō II
沢村訥升

(often transliterated as Totsushō)

Suketakaya Takasuke IV
[助高屋高助]

The 2 “Nakamura Fukusuke” actors

Nakamura (Narikomaya) Fukusuke IV (mainly working in Edo) Nakamura (Takasagoya) Fukusuke III (mainly working in Osaka)
Paul Morris Griffith Chris Raper By the way, Chris, this is a rare instance of the ‘Fukusuke’ from Osaka appearing in Tokyo. Notice the actor is given as ‘Takasagoya Fukusuke’ (高砂屋福助) so that people would distinguish the actor from Fukusuke IV. Not that they look similar anyway

.

Carver’s seals

Seal Name
ホリ徳 Hori Toku

彫徳 Hori Toku – from a Kunisada III

彫工徳 Horikō Toku (1893 Kunisada III)

??? 彫工片田禾乃吉 Horikō Katada Renoyoshi
彫松嶋英斎 Hori Matsushima Eisai

Seen on a Kunisada II from 1868

Is this the same as “Matsushima Masakichi 1st” aka. “Eisai”?

Horikō Hei (Hira) 彫工平
彫勇 Hori Yū (彫勇) (translates as Isamu)

= Wada Yūjirō (和田勇次郎)

3rd is from an 1884 Kunichika

彫徳刀 Hori Toku-gatana
Hori Ryū 彫竜
Hori Fuji? 彫藤

Horikō Fuji?

Hori Cho 彫長

Katada Chojirō (片田彫長)

[彫工 彫長門人片田秀吉] Horiko Hori Cho monjin Katada Hideyoshi (Crver: HoriCho’s pupil Katada Hideyoshi) from an 1882/3 print by Chikanobu

Horikō Gin 彫工銀 Asai Ginjirō. Active from at least 1875 to 1890

2nd &3rd: Horikō Ginjirō 彫工銀次郎 Kunichika 1881 & Chikashige 1883

4th is Horikō Ginjirō 彫工銀治郎 (variant spelling of 2nd to last character?) Chikanobu 1882

Watanabe Eizō (渡辺栄蔵) Kunichika 1872-10 x2

Horikō Ei 彫工栄 … Watanabe Eizō (渡辺栄蔵) Kunichika 1867

Hori Ei 彫栄 … Watanabe Eizō (渡辺栄蔵) Kunichika 1867

渡辺彫栄 Watanabe Hori Ei

三世 彫栄 3rd generation Hori Ei (from a 1900 Hosai print)

二世彫栄 = 2nd generation Hori Eikō 彫栄

(possibly simply Hori Ei)

ホリ若狭 Hori Wakasa?
彫小三 = Hori Kozo???
Hori Mino 彫巳の = Koizumi Minokichi [Yoshiiku 1866]

1850-1871

Horikō Yata 彫工弥太

Watanabe Yatarō (渡辺 弥太郎)

[Kunichika 1870s]

Horikō Yatarō 彫工弥太郎

[Kunichika 1870s & 1885]

Hori Yata 彫弥太

5th is a carver combined with the price

?? Hori Yata 彫弥太 (3 sen?) 三戔

Hori Uta 彫卯多
Horikō Tashichi 彫工多七 Ōta Tashichi

[Kunichika 1860s]

Hori Tashichi 彫多七

[Kunisada I print]

Hori Yata 彫ヤタ
彫千之助 Hori Sen’nosuke
Horikō Masukichi 彫工舛吉 Carver’s seal. We know that this carver worked on a Kunichika triptych in 1867 and 1868. The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston says that this man’s name was Ōta Masukichi.

[Kunichika 1868]

Horikō Komachi 彫工駒吉
Horikō Kane 彫OO兼

Koizumi Kanegorō

[Yoshiiku]

Horikō Hidekatsu 彫工秀勝
Hori Mori = 彫守 (1884)
Hori Shin (彫新)

Found on an 1890 (Meiji 21, month 11) print by Kunisada III (signed “Baidō Kōchōrō hitsu” with a toshidama ring.

Hori Yasu 彫安
Horikō Oka 彫工岡
Horikō Muneoka? 彫工 宗岡

On a Kunichika Publisher is 秋山 武右エ門 Akiyama Buemon; date seems to be Meiji 16 (1883) month 5

Horikō En Katsu 彫工圓活
彫工延 Horikō Nobu
彫タツ Hori Tatsu

1884 Kunisada III

松嶋彫政 Matsushima Hori Masa
松嶋彫庄 Matsushima Hori Sho

2nd 1877 Kunichika

彫工善治 Horiko Yoshiharu
Hori Take 彫多キ
Hori Take 彫竹 (Yokegawa Takejirō, 横川彫武)

Also Yokegawa Hori Take 横川彫竹

Tanaka Hori Ushi

田中彫牛

工彫 Horiko?

片田栄吉 Katada Eikichi

ホリ齢松 Carver Yowai matsu?
ホリ イセ辰 Carver Ise-Shin
Ōkura Hanbē (大倉半兵衛)

大倉彫半 Ōkura Hori Han

Only seen on a few Chikashige prints by the publisher Tsutaya Kichizō 蔦屋吉蔵 seal reading 出板人林吉蔵 (shuppanjin Hayashi Kichizō)

Paul Morris Griffith: The block carver’s name, given as ‘Ōkura Hori Han’, refers to Ōkura Hanbē (大倉半兵衛).

彫鉄 Hori Tetsu 丸屋鉄次郎 (Maruya Tetsujirō) or 鉄治 (Tetsuji)

from 1867 Kunichika

Asakura Hori Man(?)

Seal reads: 彫万 朝倉彫万

From an 1865 Kunichika

???

Hiroshige print

Kunichika

Signatures

Kunichika ga: 国周画

  • (1850s-1865/8, 1869)

Ōju Kunichika ga: 應需国周画 (by demand…)

  • 1859

Ōju Kunichika hitsu: 應需国周筆

  • 1869

Hosai ga: 鴬斎画

  • See https://archive.library.metro.tokyo.lg.jp/da/result_s?q=%E9%B4%AC%E6%96%8E
  • 1860 鴬斎画
  • 1862 鴬斎画 x2

Ichihosai yu ga: 一鶯斎遊画

  • 1862 一鶯斎遊画

Ichihosai Kunichika ga: 一鴬斎国周画

  • 1858 一鴬斎国周画
  • 1860 國周画、一鶯齋國周画
  • 1861 一鶯齋國周画
  • 1862 一鴬斎国周画
  • 1862 一鴬斎国周画、国周画(年玉枠)、柳島国周画(年玉枠)
  • 1863 一鴬斎国周真(年玉枠)
  • ???? 一鶯齋豊原國周
  • 1870 一鴬斎国周筆

Kunichika hitsu: 国周筆

Toyohara Kunichika hitsu: 豊原国周筆 (hexagonal chika)

  • (1870-1885)

Toyohara Kunichika hitsu: 豊原国周筆 (square chika)

  • (1884-1900)

Meiji home addresses

  • See this website for a breakdown of Edo regions: https://edo.amebaownd.com/
  • Known addresses
    • 1862 or 1867 moves from Maki-chō to Otowa-chō
    • 1867 moves to Mukōjima?
    • (Nihonbashi) Hongoku-chō 4-chōme 35-banchi
      • Date: Meiji7 1874/6 to Meiji9 1876/8
      • 本石丁四丁目丗五番地
    • Ueno-chō 1-chōme 12-banchi
      • Date: Meiji10 1877/1 to Meiji12 1878/3
      • 上野町一丁目十二番地
      • 上ノ町一丁目十二番地
    • Yanaka Shimizu-chō 1 banchi
      • Date: Meiji12 (1879) / 2 to Meiji12 (1879) / 10
      • [谷中シ水丁一バンチ]
      • Alternate writing: [谷中清水丁一バンチ]
      • Alternate writing: [谷中清水町一番地]
    • ??? (1-chōme?) 13 banchi
      • Date: Meiji12 1879 / 7 to Meiji13 1880 / 2
      • ???川東 元町目 十三番地
      • ??? (1-chōme?) 13 banchi
    • Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi
      • Date: Meiji 14 (1881) / 3 to Meiji20 (1887) / 1
      • 浅草馬道七町目一番地
    • From ARN thesis – October 1898: He now resides in a corner of Honjo’s Omote-chō,3 and it would appear with little money. His home is situated on the northern side of Kumagai Inari-higashi 2-chōme; he occupies the middle of a terraced house. Writing fifteen years after Kunichika’s death, Sōitsurō notes in ‘Ukiyo-e shi sōboroku’, 27, that Kunichika died at a temporary residence in Yoshiwara Dote-shita in 1900. This suggests that he moved from Honjo, his residence at the time of this interview.
  • Tokyo addressing system: Japanese addressing system – Wikipedia
  • Municipality is divided into machi
  • district (丁目 chōme)
  • lot (バンチ OR 番地 banchi)

From Newland, A. (2016): Table II. Comparison of addresses on Kunichika prints (1875/1876 to 1889) by Ōe (1980) and Newland.

Address Japanese Ōe (1980) Newland (2016) CMTR
Hongoku-chō 4-chōme 35-banchi 本石丁四丁目丗五番地 1876 1875 / 1876* Meiji7 1874/6 to Meiji9 1876/8
Ueno-chō itchōme 12-banchi 上野町一丁目十二番地

上ノ町一丁目十二番地

1877 1877 / 1878 Meiji10 1877/1 to Meiji12 1878/3
Asakusa Kojima-chō 35-banchi 浅草小嶋町二十五番地

浅草小嶋町三十五番地

1878 1878 Meiji11 (1878) / month 2
Asakusa Shinhatago 12-banchi 浅草新ハタゴ [旅籠]十二バンチ 1878 1878 1879 / 2?
Yanaka Shimizu-chō itchōme 谷中シ水丁一バンチ

谷中清水丁一バンチ

谷中清水町一番地

1878 1879 Meiji12 (1879) / 2 to Meiji12 (1879) / 10
Fukagawa Higashimoto-machi 13-banchi 深川東 元町目 十三番地

深川東 元町目 十三バンチ

1879 1880 / 1881 Meiji12 1879 / 7 to Meiji13 1880 / 2
Asakusa Umamichi 7-chōme 1-banchi 浅草馬道七町目一番地 1880–89 1877,1880–86** Meiji 14 (1881) / 3 to Meiji20 (1887) / 1

*This author has also seen ’34-banchi’.

**Newspaper articles occasionally provide clues (e.g. Kanasugi-mura, Shitaya, and Fuyuki-chō, Fukagawa in 27 July 1891 Yomiuri article) or his obituary (Honjo),

Date: 6 / dog? June 1874?

Publisher: Daikokuyo Kinzaburō = Yamamura Kinzaburō (山村金三郎)

本石丁四丁目丗五番地

Honseki-cho 4 chōme 35 banchi

Date: 1875 = Meiji 8 / month 10 / day 16

Publisher: 松村倉吉, Matsumura Kurayoshi

本石丁四丁目丗五番地

Honseki-cho 4 chōme 35 banchi

Meiji9 (1876) / month 1 / day 3?

本石丁四丁目丗五番地

Honseki-cho 4 chōme 35 banchi

荒川八十八画作

南傳町壹百二番地

林吉〇枚 [can the missing char be 蔵?]

林吉藏??? Hayashi Yoshizo?

(right side)

Hongoku-cho, house 435,

Arakawa Yasohachi picture production, [Kunichika’s real name]

(left side)

Nanto-cho, house 102,

Hayashi Kichi〇masa. [Hayashi Kichizō?]

Meiji 9 (1876) / month 8? / day 25?

本石丁四丁目丗五番地

Honseki-cho 4 chōme 35 banchi

1877 / 1 / 1

上野町一丁目十二番地

Ueno-chō 1 chōme 12 banchi

Print Date: 1877 (Meiji 10), May 明治10年

Publisher: Yamamura Kinzaburō 山村金三郎

上野町一丁目十二番地

Ueno-chō 1 chōme 12 banchi

Date: Meiji10 (1877) / month 11 / day 22

Publisher: Tsujiokaya Kamekichi [鯛馬亀吉]

上ノ町一丁目十二番地

Ueno-chō 1 chōme 12 banchi

Date: Meiji11 (1878) / month 2 / day 26 明治十一年二月廿六日御届

Publisher: 出版人 倉田太助 Kurata Tasuke c1881-83

Asakusa Kojima-chō 35-banchi

浅草小嶋町三十五番地

Date: 1878 March (the play opened in February but it seems was very popular)

Carver: Hori Yata 彫弥太

Publisher: 福田熊次郎 Fukuda Kumajirō

上ノ町一丁目十二番地

Ueno-chō 1 chōme 12 banchi

Date: 1878 = Meiji11 / month 3 / day 3 Publisher:

福田熊次郎 = Fukuda Kumajirō

画工荒川八十八 = Gakō Arakawa Yasohachi

上ノ町一丁目十二番地

Ueno-chō 1 chōme 12 banchi

Print Date: 明治11 (1878) / 06 / 明治十一年

Publisher: 出版人 福田熊次良 福田熊次郎 Fukuda Kumajirō

Asakusa Kojima-chō 35-banchi

浅草小嶋町三十五番地

Date: ???
Date: 1879

Publisher: 福田熊次郎 Fukuda Kumajirō

Yanaka Shimizu-chō 1 banchi

[谷中シ水丁一バンチ]

Alternate writing: [谷中清水丁一バンチ]

Date: Meiji 12 (1879)

Publisher: 武川 清吉 Takekawa Seikichi (Sawamuraya Seikichi)

Artist:

Carver: Horikō Ginjiro

Yanaka Shimizu-chō 1 banchi

[谷中シ水丁一バンチ]

Alternate writing: [谷中清水丁一バンチ]

Date: Meiji12 (1879) / month 2

Publisher: Kobayashi Tetsujirō 小林 鉄 次 郎

???Asakusa Shinhatago 12-banchi

???浅草新ハタゴ [旅籠]十二バンチ

浅野栄蔵 Asano Eizō

Yanaka Shimizu-chō 1 banchi

[谷中シ水丁一バンチ]

Alternate writing: [谷中清水丁一バンチ]

浅野 栄蔵 Asano Eizō

2nd from 1876 Kunichika

Date: Meiji12 (1879) / month 5 (May) / day 17

Publisher panel:

  • Publisher: Matsui Eikichi [松井栄吉], Kyōbashi Yumichō 2-banchi [山下町二バンチ]
  • Artist: Arakawa Yasohachi (画工 荒川八十八)

Yanaka Shimizu-chō 1 banchi

[谷中シ水丁一バンチ]

Alternate writing: [谷中清水丁一バンチ]

Meiji 12 (1879) / 6th month / 3rd day

Publisher: Tsutaya Kichizō 蔦屋吉蔵 seal reading 出板人林吉

Artist:

Yanaka Shimizu-chō 1 banchi

[谷中シ水丁一バンチ]

Alternate writing: [谷中清水丁一バンチ]

Date: 明治12 (1879) / 06 [御届明治十二年六月日]

Publisher: Tsutaya Kichizō 蔦屋吉蔵 seal reading 出板人林吉蔵 (shuppanjin Hayashi Kichizō)

Yanaka Shimizu-chō 1 banchi

[谷中シ水丁一バンチ]

Alternate writing: [谷中清水丁一バンチ]

Date (print): Meiji 12 (1879) / month 10 / day 20

Publisher: Tsutaya Kichizō 蔦屋吉蔵 seal reading 出板人林吉蔵 (shuppanjin Hayashi Kichizō)

Fukagawa Higashimoto-machi 13-banchi

深川東 元町目 十三番地

深川東 元町目 十三バンチ

Date: 明治12/10 (1879/10)

Publisher: Yamamura Kinzaburō 山村金三郎

Yanaka Shimizu-chō 1 banchi

[谷中シ水丁一バンチ]

Alternate writing: [谷中清水丁一バンチ]

Date: Meiji 12 (1879) / month 7 / day 4 Publisher:

  • 價 (taika/price) 7 戔 (sen) 5 厘 (rin)
  • Publisher: 船津忠次郎 Funazu Chūjirō (c1877-82)
    [also: 神田元柳原町三十二バン地 舟津忠次郎]
  • Gako: Arakawa Yasohachi (荒川八十八) (画作 drawn)

Fukagawa Higashimoto-machi 13-banchi

深川東 元町目 十三番地

深川東 元町目 十三バンチ

Meiji12 (1879) / month 7

Fukagawa Higashimoto-machi 13-banchi

深川東 元町目 十三番地

深川東 元町目 十三バンチ

Meiji12 (1879) / month 7

Fukagawa Higashimoto-machi 13-banchi

深川東 元町目 十三番地

深川東 元町目 十三バンチ

Meiji13 (1880) / month 2

Fukagawa Higashimoto-machi 13-banchi

深川東 元町目 十三番地

深川東 元町目 十三バンチ

Date ???

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: ??

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: ???

Publisher: 荒井 喜三郎 Arai Kisaburō 南?馬町二丁目二バンチ Nantenmachō Nichōme 2-banchi

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: Meiji 14 (1881) / month 3

Publisher / Artist

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: Meiji14 (1881) / month 4 / day 10

Publisher: 荒井 喜三郎 Arai Kisaburō seal of the publisher Iseya Kisaburō

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: Meiji14 (1881) / month 5 /

Publisher: Kamiyama Seishichi (抻山清七)

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Meiji15 (1882) / month 4

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Meiji15 (1882) / month 5

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Meiji15 (1882) / month 7

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: Meiji16 (1883) / month 5 / day 15

Publisher: 秋山 武右工門 Akiyama Buemon 秋山 武右衛門

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: Meiji 16 (1883) / month 6 / day 27

Carver: Horikō Gin 彫工銀

Publisher: 出版人 Ōkura Magobē 大倉孫兵衛 (a.k.a. Yorozuya Magobē ; firm name Kin’eido; 1843-1921)

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: Meiji16 (1883) month 08

Publisher: Kamiyama Seishichi

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Meiji 16 (1883) / month 12

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: Meiji16 (1883) / month 12 明治十六年十二月 日御届

Publisher: 植木 林之助 Ueki Rin’nosuke

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: Meiji 17 (1884) / month 1/ day 21

Publisher panels:

  • Small red: Price?
  • Big yellow (publisher): 出版人 小宮山昇 Komiyama Shōbei (Shōhei) 小宮山昇
  • Big red (artist): 荒川八十八 = Arakawa Yasohachi
  • Thin yellow: Date

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Meiji 17 (1884) / month 1 / day 31

画工 荒川八十八

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: 明治17 (1884) 1 明治十七年一月

Publisher: 宮沢 政太朗 Masataro Miyazawa

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

1884 / 10 / 29

Mariko Shimizu: Interesting addresses!

画工 浅草馬道七町目一番地 荒川八十八

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Horse Road: https://edo.amebaownd.com/posts/3389397

出版人 新乗物町四番地 福田保

Vehicle Road: https://edo.amebaownd.com/posts/3323329

Date: Meiji18 (1885) / month 1 御届明治十八年一月 日

Publisher: 福田熊治郎 Fukuda Kumajirō; Carver: Horikō Yata 彫工弥太

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Meiji 18 (1885) / month 1

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: 明治18 (1885) / month 2

Publisher: Fukuda Kumajirō (出版人) 福田熊治郎 (last character written as 良)

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: 御届明治十八年四月十日 = Meiji19 (1885) / month 04 / 10

Publisher: 楢原 周平 (Narahara Shūhei)

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

楢原周平

Date: Meiji 19 (1886) / month 4 / day 10

Publisher:

Artist: OOOOOOOOOO / 画工 gakō (artist) 荒川八十八 = Arakawa Yasohachi

Publisher: OOOOOOOOOO / 出版人 平野栄太郎 Hirano Eitarō

(浅草)馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Unknown

Date: 明治19 (1886) / month 5

Publisher: 平野栄太郎 Hirano Eitarō

???

Date: Meiji20 (1887) / month 1

Publisher: 出版人 三宅 半四郎 = Miyake Hanshirō

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: 明治20 (1887) month 1 明治二十年一月

Publisher: 出版人児玉又七 児玉 又七 Kodama Matashichi

??Gako & address written in an unusual way

Publisher’s seals

Pre 1875

Daikokuya Kinzaburō (?Kinzaburo Yamamura)

See also below in 1875+ section

沢村屋清吉 Sawamuraya Seikichi
Ibaya Senzaburō
林 伊勢屋利兵衛 seal Hayashi name Iseya Rihē
近久版 Kinkyū-han, the seal name Kinkyū of Ōmiya Kyūjirō (近江屋 久次郎), in operation from IX/1885 to ca. 1904 in the Nihonbashi Honchō, Nihonbashi Yokoyamachō, Nihonbashi Sakiaichō, Nihonbashi Sumiyoshichō, Nihonbashi Kameichō and Nihonbashi Bakurochō districts of Tokyo.
浜田屋 鉄五郎 Hamadaya Tetsugoro Marks 25-581 | 087b (1873)

From an 1873 Kunichika

津ノ伊 Marks 21-188 | 552a Tsunoi Tsunokuniya Isaburō
unknown : Marks 07-010 | U463a Zen (2)

Late 1840s to 1872

Maruya Jimpachi on a Toyokuni III print dated 1855/5
Sugiya Seibei

Marks 24-049 | 489d Umamichi, Sugisei; 1867-70

From an 1869 Kunichika

Unknown – Kunisada I
野田屋板 / 野田屋 Nodaya-ban / Nodaya = Nodaya Tahē (野田屋太兵衛)

Marks: 25-549, 397f dated 1873

Iseya Kanekichi

吉 伊勢兼

吉 Kichi, 伊勢兼 Isekane [Marks: seal 21-059; pub. ref. 145]

2nd Kunichika 1860s

Daikokuya Heikichi
Ōmiya Kyūjirō, mark=Kinkyū
[Marks 30-034 | 415c] 1655-75
大橋 Ōhashiya Yashichi 大橋屋 弥七
Yamaguchiya Tōbei
Maruya Jinpachi 丸屋 甚八 (1861)
Kiyomizuya
Tsutaya Kichizō

(see panel below)

2nd from an 1875 Kunichika

Gusokuya Kahei

1 & 2: 人形町 具足屋 Gusokuya 具足屋 Kahei, Ningyōchō 人形町 [Marks: seal 24-031; pub. ref. 085]

All from Kunichika 1867/4

土橋政田屋板 (Dobashi Matadaya jan) = 政田屋 平吉 / 政田屋 兵吉 (Masadaya Heikichi) (1869-1875) Marks #25-448 | 302e

Kunichika 1869 series prints

Kunichika 1870 print

Unknown

2nd 1869 Kunichika

Etsuka

From an 1865/11 series print by Kunichika

unknown
瓦町 森本 seal reading Kawaramachi 瓦町, Morimoto 森本 seal of Morimoto Junzaburō 森本 順三郎 [Marks: seal 25-116, pub. ref. 349]

2nd Kunichika 1870/10 森本板

Bun, Tsujibun han, (Tsujiokaya Bunsuke (辻岡屋文助) (address: Yokoyamachō Sanchōme) (used 1867-72) Marks# 23-067 (actually this shows the publisher mark was used until 1875)

Tsujiokaya Bunsuke?? 辻岡屋 文助 / 文、辻文板、よこ山町三丁目

The publisher mark is 万 Man, in use 1873-74. This is Yorozuya Magobē (万屋 孫兵衛), in operation from ca. 1865 to 1919 in the Nohonbashi district of Edo/Tokyo.

万版元 man hanmoto. Yorozuya Magobē

万屋 孫兵衛

In full: 板元、万、日本橋通り一 萬孫

(used red & gold border)

4th 1869 Kunichika Marks #24-063 | 627e

Yamamoto Heikichi
(aka. Eikyudo, Yamamoto-ya Heikichi)

(and Yamamoto Kyūbei???)

山本 平吉 Yamamoto Heikichi seal: 久、東京おやじばし、山本 Hisashi, Tokyo Oyajibashi, Yamamoto

Kisaku? Similar to 25-546 | 251b but missing the second character
Kiya Sakutarō 1868-74

(1868? Kunichika)

Kiya Sōjirō
万丁 平のや Yorozuchō Hiranoya, in use 1863-64; this is Shiranoya Shinzō (平野屋 新蔵), in operation from II/1861 to ca. 1869 in the Nihonbashi Yorozuchō district of Edo/Tokyo.
平野屋 新蔵 Hiranoya Shinzo?
Fujiokaya Keijirō

藤岡屋 慶次郎???

The publisher seal reads くら前、辻亀板 Kuramae, Tsujikame han (block), in use 1871-72. This is Tsujiokaya Kamekichi 辻岡屋 亀吉, seal name Tsujikame 辻亀, in business from ca. 1866 to 1918 in the Ryogoku (around 1866), Asakusa Kuramae (ca. 1871-72), Asakusa Kawaramachi (ca. 1873-82) and Nihonbanshi Bakurochō district of Edo/Tokyo.

(used black & gold border)

Kame / Tsujikame 1869 Kunichika

Yoshio Kusaba: The publisher’s legal name is 綱島 亀吉 Tsunajima Kamekichi. His business name is 辻岡屋 亀吉 Tsujiokaya Kamakichi. See here

Dobashi Masadaya han 土橋政田屋 版; trade name Masadaya Heikichi
丸屋鉄治郎 = Maruya Tetsujirō (= 小林 鉄次郎 = Kobayashi Tetsujirō)
Tsujiokaya Kamekichi [綱島亀吉]
Iseya Kisaburō

1873 Kunichika

吉加ゞや板 Kichi, Kagaya han =Kagaya Kichibē [加賀屋 吉兵衛]

From an ~1860s Kunichika

Wakasaya Jingorō

From Kunchika 1866/10

Daikokuya Kinnosuke 大黒屋金之助

Similar to Marks seal #22-002

Seal name Daikin 大金

Andreas Marks gives the dates as ca. 1863-75. However, there is a Toyokuni III triptych at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston dated 1860

2nd image from Publishers A thru Ebiya (printsofjapan.com)

Yoshio Kusaba: ツキジ (Tsukiji; the last character written as a ductile チ chi), an abbreviated address. 大金 the seal name, standing for Daikokuya Kinnosuke (大黒屋 金之助), in operation from ca. 1863 to 75, in the Tsukiji district of Edo/Tōkyo.

Sanoya Kihei 佐野屋喜兵衛

Kunisada pre-1840 print

Publisher seal: 佐野喜 Sanoki, in use 1830s-60s; this is seal name of the publisher Sanoya Kihei (佐野屋 喜兵衛), in operation from ca. 1800s to 1875 in the Nihonbashi and Shiba Shinmeimae districts of Edo/Tōkyō.

Maruya Kiyūshirō
Masudaya Ginjirō

Marks 30-040, 304g

Kogaya Katsugorō

Ko symbol in square with the scribble 21-087 | 262f “Ko, E-katsu” 1862-69

1875 and later

Kodama Matashichi?

児玉 又七???;

Tsuda Genshichi (津田源七)

1878 Yohitoshi

?Uemura Seizaemon

上村清左衛門 OR 上村清左工門

Ibaya Senzaburō??
Narahara Shūhei (楢原 周平)

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: 御届明治十八年四月十日 = Meiji19 (1885) / month 04 / 10

Watch also for 楢葉 周平 (Naraha Shūhei)

木村定五郎 Kimura Sadagorō
小島鎬吉 Kojima Hokichi

1884 Kunichika

榎本藤兵衛 Enomoto Tōbei (maybe?)

From an 1899 Kunichika royal family print

武田 平治 Takeda Heiji

From an 1884 Kunichika

高沢房次郎 Takazawa Fusajiro

(1883-1886)

Tokyo Fukagawa Nakamachi 24-banchi

From a post 1860s Kunichika

2nd from an 1886 Kunichika

植木 林之助 Ueki Rinnosuke (Ebiya Rinnosuke) and address

1/1/1877 Kunichika

清水文蔵 Shimizu Bunzō

From an 1888 Kunichika

秋山 武右エ門 Akiyama Buemon (1882-1920s)

From an 1887 Kunisada III

大倉四郎兵エ Ōkura Shirōhei

大倉四郎兵ヱ Ōkura Shirōbe-e

From a Chikanobu print

Matsushita Heibē 松下平兵エ

On a 1881 Chikashige

3rd On an 1884 Chikanobu

三浦武明 Miura Takeaki

1885 Kunichika

山本利兵衛 = Yamamoto Rihē

From an 1878 Chikanobu print

Yamamoto Heikichi 山本平吉

2nd from an 1881 Chikashige

Sawa Hisajirō 澤久次郎
Higuchi Gintarō 樋口 銀太郎

On an 1887 print by Kunisada III (signed Kunimasa IV)

宮沢 政太朗 Masataro Miyazawa
出版人 佐々木豊吉

seal of the publisher Sasaki Toyokichi

[Marks pub ref. 450; this seal not shown but the last five characters on the seal are similar to seal 25-209 and read 佐々木豊吉]

堤吉兵衛 Tsutsumi Yoshibē

印刷兼発行者

荒井 喜三郎 Arai Kisaburō seal of the publisher Iseya Kisaburō

[Marks: seal ref. 26-124; pub. ref. 148]

Left half: 出板人 荒井 喜三郎 shuppanjin (publisher) Arai Kisaburō

南?馬町二丁目二バンチ Nantenmachō Nichōme 2-banchi

2nd from an 1885 Kunichika

3rd from 1880s? Kunichika

Fukase Kamejirō 深瀬亀次郎
長谷川 園吉 Hasegawa Sonokichi Address: 小傳馬町三丁目 十七バンチ

Cat silhouette

Yamamura Kinzaburō 山村金三郎

Also uses like Daikokuya Kinzaburō but thicker circle border

Yamamura Kinzaburō 山村金三郎
Fukuda Kumajirō 福田熊次郎

[Marks: seal not shown; pub. ref. 071]

IHL catalogue #345

#2 (出版人) 福田熊治郎 (last character written as 良) from an 1885 Kunichika print

#3 Chikashige print 1880

#4 from an 1885 Kunichika

横山良八 Yokoyama Ryōhachi
吉田 喜代松 Yoshida Kiyomatsu

2nd from a Kunichika 1883/9

Asano Kinnosuke (浅野 金之助)

At Tokyo Asakusa Yamanoschukuchō 42-banchi (浅草山ノ宿町四十二バンチ)

Imaizumi Kichizō 今泉吉蔵
Tsutaya Kichizō 蔦屋吉蔵 seal reading 出板人林吉蔵 (shuppanjin Hayashi Kichizō)

(see seal above) from a 1879 Kunchika print

小森作太郎 Komori Sakutarō 1881-1895
(became Sakujirō)
森本順三郎 Morimoto Junzaburō (on an 1898 Kunisada III print)

Then on an 1881 Chikashige print

Morimoto Junzaburō 森本 順三郎

Kunichika? used black & gold borders)

Chikashige 1881

武川卯之助 Takegawa Unosuke (on a Kunisada III / Baidō Kōchōrō 1892 print)

Same as 武川卯之吉 Takekawa Unokichi

Inoue Mohē 井上茂兵衛

From a print by Chikayoshi

[馬喰町三丁目十九番地] (Tokyo Nihonbashi Bakurochō Sanchōme 19-banchi)

[出版人] (publisher)

[井上茂兵(衞)] Inoue Mohei

[價七浅五厘] (price 7 sen 5 something)

Publisher:

  • [出版人] (shuppanjin) = publisher
  • [蛎売町二丁目八番地] = Kakiuri machi ni chōme 8-banchi [also the address of 懶川虎吉 Tatsukawa Kokichi]
  • [艮谷川忠兵衛] = Ushitora Tanigawa Chūbee
  • [彫工 OOO七] = Horikō
福田熊次郎 Fukuda Kumajirō
福田熊次郎 Fukuda Kumajirō (1897/6)

Fish logo

Mariko Shimizu

明治 … 月 … 日印刷

日本バシ区長谷川十九バン

臨寫印刷兼発行者

福田熊次郎

1892 Kunichika

Fukuda Hatsujirō 福田初次郎 (1894-1939)

Nihobahsi-ku Hasegawachō 19-banch

Marks: seal 30-062

Print Kunisada III (1900)

Continued the Kunajiro business from XI/1898 (see above)

福田初次郎 Fukuda Hatsujirō

Address Nihobahsi-ku Hasegawachō 19-banch

From an 1899 Kunisada III (Hosai) print

Akiyama Buemon 秋山 武右工門 / 秋山 武右衛門 (~1882-1920)

(Kunichika 1883)

Marks 26-063 | 204a

Shintomichō Rokuchōme 2-banchi hanmoto Kamiyama Seishichi (抻山清七)

C1877-84

found on an 1883 Kunichika print & 1881 Kunichika print

3rd on 1883 Kunichika

Publisher:

  1. Date: Meiji 19
  2. Artist: OOOOOOOOOO / 画工 gakō (artist) 荒川八十八 = Arakawa Yasohachi
  3. Publisher: OOOOOOOOOO / 出版人 平野栄太郎 Hirano Eitarō
辻岡文助 the signature of 辻岡屋文助 Tsujiokaya Bunsuke

2nd is an 1885 Chikanobu

3rd from an 1878 Chikashige

1875 松村倉吉, Matsumura Kurayoshi
Tsujiokaya Kamekichi [綱島亀吉]

Tsujiokaya Kamekichi [綱島亀吉]

Publisher panels:

  • Small red: Price?
  • Big yellow (publisher): 出版人 小宮山昇 Komiyama Shōbei (Shōhei) 小宮山昇
  • Big red (artist): 荒川八十八 = Arakawa Yasohachi (=Kunichika)
  • Thin yellow: Date

Shohei Komiyama 出版人 小宮山昇 (Kunichika 1883)

片田 長治郎 Katada Chōjirō
宮地虎之助 Miyaji Toranosuke

桶丁二十七バンチ 出版人 宮地虎之助

From an 1884 Kunisada III (Kunimasa IV)

Publication date: Meiji 9 (1876), August 5 (明治九年八月五日)

The designer: Arakawa Yatohachi (=Kunichika) ga (drew) (荒川 八十八画; there may be different reading for the personal name; his address above);

The publisher: Ueki Rin’nosuke han (block holder) (植木 林之助板; his address above).

Publisher: Komori Sōjirō (小森宗次郎)

Carver: Horikō Gin – Asai Ginjirō. Active from at least 1875 to 1890. Worked on Kunichika in 1875 to 1879 and in 1884 and ca. 1887.

From an 1888 Kunisada III (Kunimasa IV)

In the publisher details:

Rightmost panel is the date of printing (Meiji 14, month 12)

Right-middle panel (red) is his address and name (守川音次郎 = 守川周重 = Morikawa Otojiro)

Left-middle panel (yellow) 出版 人(shuppanjin=publisher) Takeaki Mitsumata

Leftmost panel 定價十戔 price 10 sen ??

Publisher: 小森 宗次郎 Komori Sōjirō
牧金之助 Maki Kinnosuke?
Yamaguchiya Tōbei 山口藤兵衞, with the address already shown as Tokyo (formerly Edo), reading 東京馬喰町二丁目 Tokyo Bakurochō Nichōme; this publisher was in operation from ca. 1805 to 1895
Kagaya Kichibē?

加賀屋 吉兵衛

Tsutsumi Kichibē 堤吉兵衛 located at Tokyo Nihonbashi Yoshikawachō 5-banchi 日本橋区吉川町五番地 (this address matches the seal)

(not in Marks)

Tsutsumi Kichibē O吉兵工 (1893)

日本バシ区吉川丁五バンチ

=Nihon bashi-ku Yoshikawa Chō go banchi

武川 清吉 Takekawa Seikichi (Sawamuraya Seikichi) followed by address
Date: 1878 December 2nd [Meiji 11, 12, 02]

Publisher: Yamaguchi-ya Tōbei

Morimoto Junzaburō 森本 順三郎 (1900 Kunichika print)
Date: Meiji20 / month 1 = 1887 January

Carver: Horikō Yata 彫工弥太

Publisher: 出版人 三宅 半四郎 = Miyake Hanshirō

Miyake Hanshirō 三宅 半四郎 [Marks: seal not shown; pub. ref. 338]

#2 is 1885 Kunichika triptych

澤 久次郎 Sawa Kujirō
An alternate signature for 井沢 菊太郎 Izawa Kikutarō (address the same)
Unknown

出版人(Shuppanjin)

Gako: Takenōchi Hidehisa (竹内栄久) = real name of Kunisada III / Kunimasa IV

Left: 1887? Meiji 20? Month 2, Day 20?

Middle: Unknown publisher 出版人(=publisher)

Right: 画工 橋本直義 artist Hashimoto Naoyoshi

小林鉄次郎 Kobayashi Tetsujirō
中島枩次郎 Nakajima Kojirō

OR

中島 松次郎 Nakajima Matsujirō

1883 Kunichika

Hayashi Kichizō (林吉蔵)

本石町四百三十五番地

荒川八十八画作

南傳町壹百二番地

林吉〇枚 [can the missing char be 蔵?]

(right side)

Hongoku-cho, house 435,

Arakawa Yasohachi picture production, [Kunichika’s real name]

(left side)

Nanto-cho, house 102,

Hayashi Kichi〇masa. [Hayashi Kichizō?]

出版人 荒川藤兵エ = 荒川藤兵衛 = Arakawa Tōbē

Censor/date seals

1st period: Kiwame (1790-1805)

Kiwame (1800-1802) from an early Kunimitsu
Kiwame from an 1827-30 Kuniyoshi
Pre-1840s Kunisada

2nd period: Kiwame various (1805-1841)

c1820 Kiwame
Unknown – Kunisada I
Kiwame 1815-V/1842
Unknown Kuniyoshi

3rd period: Nanushi censors (1842-1853)

Watanabe Jiemon 1843-1845
censor Murata Heiemon (this seal = 1843-1845)
E – Tanaka Hejiro 1843-1845
Date: 1848; Censor: Kinugasa Fusajiro & Hama Yahē (often written Yahei) (1847-1848);
1847-1848 (Yoshimura Gentaro & Muramatsu Genroku)
Muramatsu Genroku & Fukushima Giemon (1849-1853). 11th month of 1850

M – Watanabe Shoemon & N – Mera Taichiro: 1851-1853

1852 Rat/2: Yoshio says: 子弐 (ne, ni, the year of rat, 1852, second month) … to the left are two examiner seals, Mera (米良) and Watanabe (渡邊)

1852 (Rat intercalary); O – Fukushima Giemon, H – Muramatsu Genroku 1849-1853
1852 Rat 5 – Hama Yahē & Magomi Kangeyu 1849-1853
Rat/11 1852; Fukushima Giemon & Muramatsu Genroku
「子十二」, ‘rat/12’, corresponding to the 12th month of 1852, while the smaller circular seals above it are for the censors Murata and Kinugasa
Date: 1847-52(?)

Censor: Hama Yahē & Magomi Kangeyu (1849-1853)

1850 – Hama Yahē & Magomi Kangeyu 1849-1853
1850s – Hama Yahē & Magomi Kangeyu 1849-1853
1850-51 [53 stations] N&G Mera Ta-ichiro & Murata Heiemon 1847-1850
1850-51 [53 stations] G&N Murata Heiemon & Mera Ta-ichiro 1847-1850
1850-51 [53 stations] K&I Kinugasa Fusajiro & Hama Yahē 1847-1848
1850-51 [53 stations] K&I Kinugasa Fusajiro & Hama Yahē 1847-1848
Censor: Muramatsu Genroku & Fukushima Giemon

Date: 1851 (Kaei 4), 9th month

1852 / month 6 (Muramatsu Genroku & Fukushima Giemon)
date Ox/4 (1853?)

4th period: Aratame with oval date (1853-1858)

the year of tiger, Kaei 7th year, 1854, the ninth month
1854 / month 1 on a Toyokuni III print
Tiger / 5 1854
1854 / month 9
Hare / 2 aratame 1855/2
Hare / 7 = Ansei 2, 7 month (1855)
Aratame Hare / 11 1855
Aratame 4th period

Date: Hare / 5? 1855

Hare/8 - 1855, 8th month Hare / 8 aratame (1855)
1856 aratame, Dragon 9
Aratame, the year of dragon, 1856 (Ansei 安政 3), the eleventh month.
Date: 1856 aratame, Dragon 6 = (Ansei 3), 6th month
「巳三」 ‘serpent/3’, which corresponds to the 3rd month of 1857
Snake/8 - 1857, 8th month Snake / 8 aratame (1857)
Horse/6 - 1858, 6th month Horse / 6 (1858)

5th period: Aratame with date inside (1859-1875)

1859 / month 1
Goat / 6 [1859]
Goat 4 = 1859 4th month
1859 / month 8
aratame 1859, Ansei 安政 6, July
1861 / 2 = Cock / 2
1862 (Bunkyû 2), 5th month
1862
1862 = Dog / 10
1862 December
aratame 4th period seal / 1862 1862 (Bunkyû 2), 7th month
戌正 改 Inu (the year of dog, Bunkyu 文久 2, 1862), the first month; Aratame examined
Unknown? 1862
1862 = Dog / ?
Dog / intercalary month [1862 / 8th month]
1863 / 7
1864/5 = Rat / 5
1864 (apparently Rat 5 aratame)
aratame 1864 February
Aratame 1864 / 12 子十二
aratame 1865
1865 Ox / 7 (Year Keio first year (1865))

Yoshio Kusaba: 丑七改, Ox 7th month, aratame (Keio 慶応 1, 1865, shichi, aratame).

1865 Ox / 5 aratame
Censor/Date: aratame January 1865;
Tiger / 1? Keio 02 (1866)
1866 aratame Tiger / 1
1866 / 2
1866 Tiger / 5 [1854 or 1866 or 1878]
1866 / 8 aratame 寅八改
1867 / 3
seal 5th period, 1864-71 approximately; possibly 1867?

Looks like 1867 / 3 (above)

Hare over 3 = 1867

Hare over 4 = 1867
aratame 1867 (Keiô 3), 1st month
1868? Dragon/12?
1868?
1868 aratame Tiger? Dragon? / 4th month
snake / 1 (1869)
1869 / 3
5th period seal – Meiji 03 (1870) 3
1870 / 4
1870 / month 7?
1870 / 10 intercalary
1870
1870 / 6
1870-11 intercalary month
1870 (Meiji 3, 午十改, uma, the year of horse, 10th month, Aratame
1870 month 11 from a reprinted book by Kunisada I
Goat 1871 / 3 from a Kunichika print
Aratame Goat / 6 = 1871
aratame Goat / 9 = September 1871
1871 month 12? From a kunichika

6th period: Zodiac date in round seal (no aratame) (1872-1875)

unknown
1872 = Monkey (right) / 1 (left)?
1872/April = Monkey (right) / 4 (left)
1872 / 8 = Monkey / 8?
1872 / 8
1873 / 2 酉一
1873 / 4 or 9? Cock / 4? Reversed
1873 = Cock / 4
1873 / 4
1873 = Cock / 4
1873 / 6 cock/6=酉六
1874 = Dog??!
1874 = Dog / ?
1874 = Dog / 11
1874 = Dog / 6?
1874 = dog / 6
1874 (1874-07) = Dog / ?
1874 = Dog / 5?
1875 = Boar / ?
1875 = Boar / 5
Boar 9 = 1875 / 9 September

Artist signatures

Gigadō Ashiyuki

Gigadō Ashiyuki ga 戲画堂芦ゆ起画

Adachi Ginko

Shōsetsusai Ginkō hitsu 枩雪齋銀光筆

Irai shitagai Shinshō Ginko ga 依頼随眞匠銀光画

Toyohara Chikanobu

Chikanobu hitsu 周延筆

Chikanobu ga

周延画

Yōshū Chikanobu hitsu 楊洲周延筆

Chikanobu hitsu 1910?! 周延筆

Morikawa Chikashige

Morikawa Chikashige hitsu

with toshidama seal

Toyohara Chikayoshi

(Suzuki Sato 鈴木 さと)

Toyohara Chikayoshi hitsu 豊原周義 筆

Toyohara Chikayoshi hitsu 豊原周義 筆

Suzuki Sato
鈴木佐登 (worked out by Mariko Shimizu)

Last character is written in hentaigana

Suzuki Sato
鈴木 さと

Utagawa Fusatane

Utagawa Hiroshige I

Utagawa Hiroshige II

Ikkei Shōsai

Utagawa Kokunimasa

Baidō Kokunimasa 楳堂小國政

Utagawa Kuniaki II

Ichiōsai Kuniaki hitsu 一凰斎国明画

Kuniaki ga

Toyohara Kunichika

Ichiōsai (一鶯斎), Ōsai (鶯斎)

1835-1900

(dates are just based on prints I have seen)

Kunichika ga

国周画

(1850s-1865/8, 1869)

Ōju Kunichika ga

應需国周画

(by demand…)

1859

??? Kunichika ga

1862

(Ichiyūsai?) Kunichika ga

1863

Ichiosai Kunichika hitsu

一鶯斎国周筆

1865

Kunichika hitsu

国周筆

(1863-1872, 1874)

Ōju Kunichika hitsu

應需国周筆

1869

Toyohara Kunichika hitsu

豊原国周筆

(hexagonal chika)

(1870-1885)

Toyohara Kunichika hitsu

豊原国周筆

(square chika) (1884-1900)

Ōju Toyohara Kunichika hitsu 應需 豊原国周筆

1883-1886

応需豊春楼国周筆 Ōju Hōshunrō Kunichika hitsu (豊春楼国周筆) 1890

Hōshunrō seems to have been used rarely (4 prints found online +1 extra in my collection) between 1890-1895

豊春楼国周筆 Hōshunrō Kunichika hitsu 1892

Utagawa Kunimitsu

Kunimitsu (国満)

fl. c. 1800-1832

Toyokuni meijin Kunimitsu ga

Toyokuni I

Ichiyōsai (一陽斎), Toyokuni (とよ国)

1769-1825

Toyokuni ga
豊國画

Utagawa Kunisada I

Ichiyōsai (一陽斎), Kōchōrō (香蝶楼), Toyokuni III (豊国)

fl. 1807-1865

Kōchōrō Kunisada ga (1825-1861)

Ichiyūsai Kunisada ga (1811-)

nanajūkyū-sai Toyokuni hitsu (79 years old)

1864-1865

Toyokuni ga
豊國画

Utagawa Kunisada II

Ichiyōsai (一陽斎), Kunimasa III (国政), Toyokuni IV (豊国)

1823-1880

Kunisada ga

Nidai Kunisada Ga … second Kunisada drew

Utagawa Kunisada III

Baidō (梅堂), Baidō (楳堂), Eikyū (栄久),
Hōsai (豊斎), Kōchōrō (香朝楼), Kunimasa IV (国政), Kunisada III (国貞), Toyokuni V (豊国)

1848-1920

Baidō Kunimasa hitsu

楳堂 国政 筆

Kunimasa hitsu 国政筆

Kōchōrō hitsu 香朝楼筆

Hosai hitsu
豊齋筆


Ōju Kōchōrō hitsu

応需 香朝楼 筆

Kōchōrō Hosai hitsu with Baidō seal

香朝楼 豊齋 筆

Baidō Hosai hitsu

楳堂 豊齋 筆

Ōju Baidō Kunimasa hitsu 応需梅堂国政筆

Baidō Kunimasa hitsu 梅堂国政筆

Toyohara Kunichika hitsu (imitated by) Baidō Kunimasa ga with seal
豊原国周筆 倣テ 梅堂国政画

Utagawa Hosai hitsu with Hosai seal

歌川豊斎筆

Ōju Baidō Kunimasa hitsu with a flower seal 応需梅堂国政筆

Utagawa Kuniteru

Kuniteru hitsu

Ichiyōsai Kuniteru ga

Utagawa Kuniyoshi

Ichiyūsai Kuniyoshi ga

Unknown

應需楳O国登O画

Utagawa Sadatora

Sadatora ga

Utamaro

Ochiai Yoshiiku

Yoshiiku ga
x画

Yoshiiku ga
芳幾画

Ikkeisai Yoshiiku hitsu

?? 芳幾

?? Yoshi Iku

Utagawa Yoshitora

Yoshitora ga

Yoshitora ga

Tsukioka Yoshitoshi


Sakigake (Itsuki?) Yoshitoshi ga

一魁齋芳年画

Aniline colours

Taken from Cesaratto et.al. (2018) “A timeline for the introduction of synthetic dyestuffs in Japan during the late Edo and Meiji periods”.

Name Colour Used from Note
Rosaniline

Basic red 14

Magenta

Fuchsine

Purple 1864 Triarylmethane class; synthesized by Natanson (1856) and August Wilhelm von Hofmann (1858), it was first patented and manufactured in 1859 in France using the process of Verguin, under the name of fuchsine, later popularly known as “magenta”. Fluoresces under green light.

Usually used in combination with Prussian blue for a more bluish color. From 1875, it was usually mixed or replaced with Methyl Violet for a stronger purple.

Pararosaniline

Basic red 9

Colourful Red blue 1869 Triarylmethane class; Pararosaniline is the non-methylated homolog of rosaniline. It’s not possible to easily separate this from rosaniline in prints.
Safflower Red

Natural red 26

Carthamine

benibana

Red antiquity Chalcone class; natural (vegetal).
Carmine

Carminic acid
cochineal

Red 1869 – 1891 Obtained from insects; natural (animal). Often combined with vermillion.
Methyl Violet

Basic violet 1

Blue purple 1875 Triarylmethane class; Synthetized: 1861, As artists’ material: 1866.
Crystal Violet

Basic violet 3

Bright blue purple 1883 Triarylmethane class; Both Methyl Violet & Crystal Violet are very prone to photo-fading, which demethylates them to pararosaniline. So it is hard to work out whether these were mixed with “magenta” or not.
Eosin Y

acid red 87; solvent red 43

Brilliant yellow red / brilliant pink 1877 Xanthene class; synthesized 1871; Eosin did not replace Carmine, but was often used in mixture with it for dark reds, while it was used alone for pinks. Used for cherry blossoms.
Ponceau 2R

Acid red 26

Colourful red yellow 1889 Naphthol class*; synthesized 1878; replaced Carmine.
Cotton Scarlet
Acid red 73
Yellow light red 1892~ Naphthol class; synthesized in 1882 by Limpach and in 1883 by H. Hoffmann
Brilliant Scarlet

Acid red 18

Red 1895~ Naphthol class; synthesized by Baum in 1878
  • Naphthol reds give a bright red hue. Because of their high solubility in water they bleed through the paper (and the backing, if any), and are characteristically visible on the back of the prints. These tended to be very garish and were used most often as accents, not big blocks of colour.
  • The introduction of magenta as a new purple in 1864 always involved a mixture with Prussian blue, presumably to adjust the hue and saturation of the printed color. This mixing is clearly visible comparing the front and the back in a print dated 1870, reported in Fig. 7. Magenta has been more absorbed by the paper substrate, making the back appear more pink, while the front is a deep purple tone.
  • The naphthol reds that appeared from 1889 were used in mixture with vermilion in several cases. This seems to have been a common practice in the production of lithographic inks, where it was most likely added to increase the opacity of the ink. Mixtures of naphthol red and eosin, sometimes with vermilion added, were also detected.
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raman_spectroscopy

Name Colour Used from Note
realgar (α-AsS) Orange / red Edo Arsenic sulfides – occurring naturally but synthesised artificially
pararealgar

(β-AsS)

Yellow Edo
orpiment (As2S3) Yellow Edo Large scale manufacture in the late Edo(>1846). Used with Prussian Blue to make green
alacranite (As8S9) Red Edo rare

Luo, Yanbing (2016) Synthetic arsenic sulfides in Japanese prints of the Meiji period

Design clues in Kunichika prints

Feature Date range
Solid red backgrounds Should come in after 1869 when artificial dyes were introduced
Diagonal split screens 1865(?), 1874-1883
Black & gold frames around the margin 1870-1877, plus an outlier labelled “1880s” an a Chikashige from 1883
Green frame 1873
Red frame 1873-1874
麻の葉 = “Asa-no ha” hemp-leaf geometric patterns on kimonos 1869-1880 (actually seen much earlier prints too so I think there is no effective way to use this to date prints)
Grey/silver ink that stains brown 1881-1883 & 1896

Print selling prices

Usually marked 定價金 (taikakin) or just 定價 (taika) then a number and 戔 sen

Type of print Before Meiji (pre-1868) Around 1872/73
Ōban triptych with full-length figures 25 sen 100-150 sen
Ōban triptych with half-length figures 18 sen 7 rin 5 mō 75-100 sen (four actors; 100 sen if by Kunichika)
Single ōban warrior print (not listed) 5 sen
Single-sheet ōban toy print (omocha-e) 2 sen 25 sen (50 sen if by Yoshifuji, 75 sen for detailed version)
Fan print of beauties and actors in half-length (not listed) 50 sen
My prints
Kunichika 3-actor, framed, red-backed triptych 1868 6 sen
Chikashige 8-actor, blue-backed triptych 1881 10 sen

Kabuki Jūhachiban

These are the 18 plays traditionally associated with the Ichikawa Danjūrō line of actors:


Fuwa* (1680)

Narukami (1684)

Shibaraku (1697)

Fudō (1697)

Uwanari* (1699)

Zōhiki (1701)
Kanjinchō (1702) Sukeroku (1713)

Uirō Uri (1718)
Oshimodoshi* (1727) Ya-no-Ne (1729) Kagekiyo (1732)

Kan’u (1737)
Nanatsumen* (1740)
Kenuki (1742)
Gedatsu* (1760)
Jayanagi* (1763) Kamahige (1769) * These plays are generally considered to be no longer performed (to have fallen out of the repertoire); however, revivals have been done, and continue to be done, while on the other hand some of those plays considered to still be in the repertoire may be performed only very infrequently.

Printing effects

Embossing

Chikanobu – Poems for the Four Seasons (1887)

Ink effects – burnishing

Some prints include subtle patterns of shiny and matt ink. These are created by burnishing the front surface with the Baren (the tool that ukiyo-e printers use to rub the paper against the printing block) over a special block created in normal orientation, not reversed. A slightly thicker ink is normally used with a bit more starch to make it stronger and shinier when polished.

Kunisada III (Kunimasa IV) 1888

Kunichika 1873 Kaga-Dyed with Plum Blossoms, Willows, and Cherry Blossoms

Restoration

Drying prints – from the Hermitage manual

  • For draining good a print you would need: Felt, Blotting paper, Clamp tool and plywood boards
  • Plywood is cut larger than a print, o-ban and you need about 4 clamps to press all angles of the cutted plywood.
  • Then you place a felt (many layers) on one of plywood sheets, then few layers of blotting papers and than a print, on top of the print you place blotting papers and felt after, and on top second sheet of plywood. All “sandwich” must be fixed by clamp tools.
  • And you need to change all blotting papers about after few hours.

Removing dirt / dry mold

  • Gently use a Mars eraser to rub the area
  • Then use a brush to remove surface dirt

Research procedures

  1. Try to find the image itself:
    1. Search for the image on https://ukiyo-e.org/ – if you get a hit here then the best sites to investigate are RITS and TML but Waseda is OK
    2. Do a Google Image search – limit by known terms (artist name, actor etc) in English and Japanese https://images.google.com
    3. Google Image search on
      1. site:www2.ntj.jac.go.jp
      2. site:www.dh-jac.net
      3. site:archive.library.metro.tokyo.lg.jp
      4. site:www.yamada-shoten.com
    4. Try a cross search on JapanSearch: https://jpsearch.go.jp/csearch/jps-cross?csid=jps-cross&from=0&size=20
    5. If the artist is Kunisada III and the image is from 1900 onwards then try searching through the Modern Japanese Performing Arts Prints site: https://www.mjpap.com/kunisada3.html
  2. No joy in finding the image anywhere? Now we need to start working on text:
    1. Start by working out as many sections as you can by using Jisho (https://jisho.org/#radical) or comparing to known, translated texts in my reference guide:
      1. Artist’s name from the signature – essential
      2. Publisher can be very useful because there were lots of them
      3. Actor’s names are not so useful because the same ones recur in most prints but sometimes you can find an unusual one – if you are having difficulty look at the kabuki21 list of actors: https://www.kabuki21.com/dic_noms.php
      4. Dates are fairly easy to work out and useful too – especially for finding other prints of the same performance
      5. Character names can be very useful but are usually hard to work out because they are often written in cursive or old-fashioned characters. If you do decode a few then they can be very useful for finding the name of the play or zoning in on other prints of the same play where you can often get character names.
    2. You need to first try to find the print you are researching by looking for combinations of the text you have found on sites such as:
      1. Waseda University Cultural Resource Database – a huge database with a good range of search options but the data for each image is usually quite poor. You can usually find basic information there: https://archive.waseda.jp/archive/subDB-top.html?arg={%22item_per_page%22:20,%22sortby%22:[%221179a%22,%22ASC%22],%22view%22:%22display-simple%22,%22subDB_id%22:%2252%22}&lang=en
      2. Tokyo Metropolitan Library – a very good resource with lots of information on each print: https://archive.library.metro.tokyo.lg.jp/da/top
      3. Art Research Center, Ritsumeikan University – another excellent source with a lot of search options at your finger tips: https://www.dh-jac.net/db/nishikie/search_portal.php?enter=portal&lang=en
      4. National Theatre of Japan – uses Google search engine which means it is a bit textual but you can click on images etc: https://www2.ntj.jac.go.jp/dglib/collections/
      5. As mentioned before, the JapanSearch cultural database search engine is quite powerful and worth trying. I have found the image search to be quite poor but text searches are often good: https://jpsearch.go.jp/csearch/jps-cross?csid=jps-cross&from=0&size=20
    3. Tips for searches:
      1. Remember that dates can either be stored in the databases as Japanese dates (e.g. 明治34) or Western dates (e.g. 1901)
      2. You can search for parts of fields, such as searching for 岩 半四郎 if those are the only characters you can find … then look through the results for text that seems to have your missing character in them.
      3. Publishers are easy to find from parts of the name on sites with good search options, such as ARC (use the “Publisher(J)” field) and Waseda (Advanced options – Publisher)
      4. ARC likes years in Japanese format / Waseda in Western
      5. The venue/theatre is commonly found on TML and ARC pages but remember you can often find the name in the heading of what I call “Shin Kyōgen” prints – i.e. a common genre of prints from the late Meiji period that all have a title panel giving the name of the venue and some text like “new plays” or “January plays” and then often the name of one of the plays. Look out for something like: [明治座新狂言石橋] Meiji-za Shin Kyōgen – Ishibashi
    4. If you still can’t find your print then you need to take the information you have and then try to use it to leverage information from other prints of the same play or even the same performance – it was common practice to produce many different designs by different artists and publishers so you can often find extra information from those. Your best bet is to use character names if you have them but if you have fragments of the title then that can be useful too.

Research questions

Ukiyo-e identification reference

Useful miscellany 3

Numbers in Japanese 5

Searching keywords 5

Clothing 6

Hats 6

Jingasa (陣笠) 6

Fabric patterns 7

Asa-no-ha (hemp leaves) 7

Famous kabuki roles and their visual clues 7

Table of actor first & last names 8

Famous Meiji-period actors 9

Meiji actors and the ways their names are written 10

The 2 “Nakamura Fukusuke” actors 22

Carver’s seals 24

Kunichika 35

Signatures 35

Kunichika ga: 国周画 35

Ōju Kunichika ga: 應需国周画 (by demand…) 35

Ōju Kunichika hitsu: 應需国周筆 35

Hosai ga: 鴬斎画 35

Ichihosai yu ga: 一鶯斎遊画 35

Ichihosai Kunichika ga: 一鴬斎国周画 35

Kunichika hitsu: 国周筆 35

Toyohara Kunichika hitsu: 豊原国周筆 (hexagonal chika) 35

Toyohara Kunichika hitsu: 豊原国周筆 (square chika) 36

Meiji home addresses 36

Publisher’s seals 65

Pre 1875 65

1875 and later 76

Censor/date seals 107

1st period: Kiwame (1790-1805) 107

2nd period: Kiwame various (1805-1841) 108

3rd period: Nanushi censors (1842-1853) 108

4th period: Aratame with oval date (1853-1858) 112

5th period: Aratame with date inside (1859-1875) 114

6th period: Zodiac date in round seal (no aratame) (1872-1875) 121

Artist signatures 124

Gigadō Ashiyuki 124

Adachi Ginko 125

Toyohara Chikanobu 125

Morikawa Chikashige 126

Toyohara Chikayoshi 126

Utagawa Fusatane 127

Utagawa Hiroshige I 127

Utagawa Hiroshige II 127

Ikkei Shōsai 128

Utagawa Kokunimasa 128

Utagawa Kuniaki II 128

Toyohara Kunichika 129

Utagawa Kunimitsu 131

Toyokuni I 131

Utagawa Kunisada I 131

Utagawa Kunisada II 132

Utagawa Kunisada III 132

Utagawa Kuniteru 134

Utagawa Kuniyoshi 134

Unknown 135

Utagawa Sadatora 135

Utamaro 135

Ochiai Yoshiiku 136

Utagawa Yoshitora 136

Tsukioka Yoshitoshi 137

Aniline colours 137

Design clues in Kunichika prints 140

Print selling prices 140

Kabuki Jūhachiban 141

Printing effects 142

Embossing 142

Chikanobu – Poems for the Four Seasons (1887) 142

Ink effects – burnishing 143

Kunisada III (Kunimasa IV) 1888 144

Kunichika 1873 Kaga-Dyed with Plum Blossoms, Willows, and Cherry Blossoms 144

Restoration 145

Drying prints – from the Hermitage manual 145

Removing dirt / dry mold 145

Research procedures 145

Research questions 147

Useful miscellany

  • Publisher panel texts:
    • 印刷 (insatsu) = (date of printing)
    • 印刷者 insatsusha (printer)
    • 発行 (date of publishing)
    • 発行者 (hakkousha) = publisher
    • 出版人 (shuppanjin) = publisher
    • 作印刷 saku insatsu (production and printing)
    • 臨写 risha (copying)
    • 画工 (gakō) = artist
    • 板 = block, so used to mean “block owner” at the end of the publisher’s details
    • 定価 (teika) = price
  • Artist’s real names:
    • Chikanobu = Hashimoto Naoyoshi (橋本 直義) = Chikanobu (artistic name, 楊洲 周延 Yoshu Chikanobu)
    • Chikashige = Morikawa Otojirō (守川音治郎)
    • Chikayoshi = Suzuki Sato 鈴木 さと
    • Kunichika = Arakawa Yasohachi (荒川八十八) (画作 drawn)
    • Kunisada III / Kunimasa IV = 竹内栄久 = えいきゅう たけうち = Takeuchi Eikyū. Also translated as “Takenouchi Hidehisa” in some sources
    • Adachi Ginkō = Adachi Heishichi (安達 平七) also Shōsetsusai Ginkō (松雪斎 銀光)
  • Useful phrases:
    • 見立 = mitate; mitate-e … tribute/imagined pictures not based on any play
    • 歌舞伎座 新 狂言 = Kabuki-za Shin Kyogen (new plays at the Kabuki-za theatre)
    • Karazuri – embossing
    • Bokashi – fades
    • Mika-e – mica powder on an image
    • Itame Mokuhan – imitation woodgrain
    • Aka-e = red pictures
    • Tanzaku = piece of paper hung by a thread from bamboo at the Tanabata celebrations – used as cartouches in ukiyo-e
  • Theatres (座 = za)
    • 千歳 Chitose
    • 深野 Fukano / Fukono
    • 春木 Haruki
    • 市村 Ichimura (opens in 1623 as Murayamaza) to 1932 when it burned down
    • 歌舞伎 Kabuki (1889-today)
    • 明治 Meiji (opens as Kishôza 1873) to today
    • 守田 Morita-za (1610-) that became the Shintomi-za (-1923 when it was destroyed by an earthquake)
    • 村山 Murayama
    • 中村 Nakamura
    • 新富 Shintomi
  • Late Edo / Meiji Periods:
    • Bunsei (文政) April 1818 through December 1830
    • Tenpō (天保) December 1830 through December 1844
    • Kōka (弘化) December 1844 through February 1848
    • Kaei (嘉永) February 1848 through November 1854
    • Ansei (安政) November 1854 through March 1860
    • Man’en (万延) March 1860 through February 1861
    • Bunkyū (文久) March 1861 through March 1864
    • Genji (元治) March 1864 through April 1865
    • Keiō (慶応, historically 慶應) May 1865 to October 1868
    • Meiji (明治) October 23, 1868 to July 30, 1912
    • Taishō (大正) 30/07/1912 – 25/12/1926
    • Shōwa (昭和) 1926–1989
  • Signature additions:
    • Ichiyūsai [一雄斎] = used as a personal name prefixing Kunisada
    • Ōju [応需] = “to satisfy the demand/by demand”
    • Ōkō [應好] = “to satisfy the taste”
  • Actor additions:
    • [児太郎] 更 X = [actor’s name] changes to X
    • Or as above 改 = changes
  • Dates
    • 明治十一年 三月 四日 Meiji 11 3rd month 4th day literally: Meiji 11 year 3 [month] 4 day
    • In the East Asian calendar, the months are numbered 1–3 for spring, 4–6 for summer, 7–9 for autumn, and 10–12 for winter. The calendar in use in the 1830s follows a lunar cycle that starts about a month later than the Western calendar. For example, New Year’s Day is the first day of the first month but falls during the Western equivalent of February.
  • Character’s titles / descriptions & word endings:
    • *-ya … house of
    • *-mura … village
    • *-ni (the nun *)
    • * no okugata (*’s wife)
    • 判官 Hangan (discussing Yoshitsune) does not mean ‘judge’ in this case. It was an official court rank (3rd grade) that was bestowed upon him.
    • Gozen = “Lady” … a title of royal rank
    • Man = the maid who served as his lordship’s bathing attendant
    • Hime = Princess
  • Hats (kasa)
    • Sandogasa (三度笠): a traveller’s hat – flat topped with down-curved brim
    • Fukāmigasa of the sort known as tengai (天蓋): Straw basket hats worn but a sect of monks Komusō – Wikipedia
    • Roningasa (浪人笠): a conical straw hat with brim
    • Sugegasa (菅笠): a simple conical hat
  • Macron vowels: ĀŌŪĒ āōūē
  • Hentaigana https://hikog.gokenin.com/hentaiganaichiranhayamihyou.html
  • A nice mock tourist guide to 1830s Edo: https://blog.britishmuseum.org/historical-city-travel-guide-edo-tokyo-early-19th-century/

Numbers in Japanese

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 20 23 20 30 30 1
十一 十二 二十 二十三 廿

Searching keywords

歌川 Utagawa 國芳 Kuniyoshi
国貞 Kunisada 小国政 Kokunimasa
豊国 Toyokuni 広重 Hiroshige
豊原 国周 Toyohara Kunichika 広景 Hirokage
守川 周重 Morikawa Chikashige 廣貞 Hirosada
周延 Chikanobu 芳春 Yoshiharu
周義 Chikayoshi (girl) 芳盛 Yoshimori
芳幾 Yoshiiku 芳虎 Yoshitora
国明 Kuniaki 月岡 芳年 Tsukioka Yoshitoshi
国利 Kunitoshi 貞虎 Sadatora
国安 Kuniyasu 房種 Fusitane
香朝楼 Kōchōrō (Kunisada III) 安達 吟光 Adachi Ginko
豊斎 Hosai 哥麿 Utamaro
楳堂 Baidō 英泉 Eisen
国政 Kunimasa 礒田 湖龍斎 Isoda Koryūsai
月岡 雪鼎 Tsukioka Settei
役者絵 yakusha-e 古法純手摺木版画 Old method woodblock print
歌舞伎 Kabuki 歌舞伎 番付 Banzuke (playbill)
明治 Meiji 浮世絵 Ukiyo-e
三画 3 drawings 三枚 3 something
川瀬 巴水 Kawase Hasui
土屋光逸 Tsuchiya Koitsu 笠松紫浪 Shiro Kasamatsu
吉田博 Hiroshi Yoshida 小原古邨 Ohara Koson
浅野竹二 Takeji Asano 吉田 遠志 Tōshi Yoshida

Clothing

Hats

Jingasa (陣笠)

a type of kasa (hat) worn by samurai and ashigaru (foot soldiers).

Fabric patterns

Asa-no-ha (hemp leaves)

Traditional Japanese Patterns | Nippon.com

Famous kabuki roles and their visual clues

Play Role Features
Kagamiyama Kokyô no Nishikie” (aka. Kagamiyama) AND the sequel Iwafuji 岩藤 Kimono with pine and wisteria; with sandal in her hand

https://www.kabuki21.com/kagamiyama.php

Kagamiyama Gonichi no Iwafuji” (the sequel to Kagamiyama featuring the revenge of the ghost of Iwafuji) The ghost of Iwafuji 局岩藤亡魂 Kimono with pine and wisteria often with big letters 岩藤 written on it

https://www.kabuki21.com/gonichi_no_iwafuji.php

Soga Monogatari Soga Goro
曽我五郎
Butterflies on his kimono
Soga Juro
曽我十郎
Plovers on his kimono
Sukeroku (a side-story to Soga Monogatari) Sukeroku
助六
Wears a purple headband tied on the RIGHT – is actually Soga Goro – the sake seller is his brother Shinbê is Soga Juro
Miuraya Agemaki

揚巻

Often wears a leaping Koi design on her kimono in the first half of the play
Ikyū 意休 An old man with long grey hair and posh sword
Mukashi Moyō Sato no Sayaate. [scene usually set looking along a main-street with a cherry tree in the middle – 2 men facing-off and being held back by 1 or more people] Fuwa Banzaemon
不破伴左衛門
Wears a kimono decorated with a pattern of “lightning-in-the-clouds”
Nagoya Sanza

名古屋山三

Wears a kimono decorated with a “swallows-in-the-rain” pattern
Meiboku Sendai Hagi Nikki Danjō
仁木彈正
Dressed in grey, holding the scroll containing the list of conspirators in his mouth & a giant rat
Kanjincho (the subscription list) Yoshitsune 義経 Handsome, slight man with straw hat
Benkei 弁慶 Big, well-dressed man with little black cap tied on with white rope and holding a scroll
Togashi 富樫 Tall, curved black hat with a (pale blue) kimono decorated with plovers
Sanmon Gosan no Kiri (plus others, like Osanazakura Masago no Furisode) Ishikawa Goemon Big hair, dynamic poses and bright clothing with gold patterns
“Sakaro” from “Hirakana Seisuiki” the boatman Matsuemon, in reality Higuchi no Jirō A man climbing a pine tree to look for ships in the distance

https://www.kabuki21.com/hs.php

Table of actor first & last names

First name A-Z Last name A-M Last name M-Z
Arashi = 嵐

Bandō = 坂東

Ichikawa = 市川

Ichimura = 市村

Iwai = 岩井

Kataoka = 片岡

Kawarasaki = 河原崎

Matsumoto = 松本

Nakamura = 中村

Nakayama = 中山

Onoe = 尾上

Otani = 大谷

Sawamura = 沢村

Seki = 関

Suketakaya = 助高屋

Chokuro = 長九郎

Danjūrō = 團十郎

Denkuro = 伝九郎

Fukusuke = 福助

Ganjiro = 鴈治郎

Gonjūrō = 権十郎

Gonnosuke = 権之助

Hanshirō = 半四郎

Heikuro = 平九郎

Hikosaburō = 彦三郎

Hikozaemon = 彦左衛門

Ichizo = 市蔵

Jakuemon = 雀右衛門

Kakitsu = 家橘

Kamenojo = 亀之丞

Kanzaburo = 勘三郎

Kikugorō = 菊五郎

Kikujiro = 菊次郎

Kodanji = 小団次

Kumesaburo = 粂三郎

Kuzō = 九蔵

Matakuro = 又九郎

Mitsugorō = 三津五郎

Nakazo = 仲蔵

Nizaemon = 仁左衛門

Rikan = 璃寛

Sadanji = 左団次 or 左團治

Sagisuke = 鷺助

Sanjūrō = 三十郎

Sanohachi = 佐野八

Sansho = 三升

Shijaku = 紫若

Shikan = 芝翫

Shinkuro = 新九郎

Shinsui = 薪水

Sojuro = 宗十郎

Taganojo = 多賀之丞

Takasuke = 高助

Takematsu = 竹松

Takenojo = 竹之丞

Tamakashi = 玉柏

Tamizō = 多見蔵

Tanosuke = 田之助

Tokuro = 得郎 or 徳郎

Tomoemon = 友右衛門

Tossho = 訥升

Tsuruzo = 鶴蔵

Udanji = 右團次

Utaemon = 歌右衛門

Uzaemon = 羽左衛門

Yoshigoro = 良五郎

Famous Meiji-period actors

person name born change died
“Dan-Kiku-Sa” Kawarasaki Chōjūrō III 1838 1845-01
Kawarasaki Gonjūrō I 1852-09
Kawarasaki Gonnosuke VII 1869-03
Kawarasaki Sanshō 1873-09
Ichikawa Danjūrō IX
市川団十郎
1874-07 1903-09-13
“Dan-Kiku-Sa” Ichimura Kurōemon 1844-06-04 1848-11
Ichimura Uzaemon XIII 1851-01
Ichimura Kakitsu IV 1863-spr
Onoe Kikugorō V
尾上菊五郎
1868-08 1903-02-18
“Dan-Kiku-Sa” Ichikawa Tatsuzō 1842 1848
Ichikawa Koyone 1851
Ichikawa Shōjaku I 1862
Ichikawa Sadanji I
市川左団次
1864 1904-08-07
Nakamura Tamatarō I 1831-03-03 1831
Nakamura Komasaburō ?
Nakamura Masanosuke I 1838
Nakamura Fukusuke I 1839-04
Nakamura Shikan IV
中村芝翫
1860-07 1898-10
Bandō Tsurunosuke I 1832 1842-11
Bandō Takesaburō I 1846-01
Bando Hikosaburō V
坂東彦三郎
1856-03 1877-10-13
Sawamura Tosshō II
沢村訥升

(often transliterated as Totsushō)

1st lunar month of 1854 April 1879
Nakamura Fukusuke III (Takasagoya) 中村福助 3rd lunar month of 1868 September 1907
Nakamura Fukusuke IV (Narikomaya) May 1881 April 1901

Meiji actors and the ways their names are written

Actor Signatures
Arashi Wasaburō II or III [嵐和三郎]
Bando Hikosaburō V
坂東彦三郎
Bandō Kakitsu I
[坂東家橘]
Bandō Minosuke IV? [坂東蓑助]
Bandō Mitsugorō VI [坂東三津五郎]
Bandō Shinsui V
[坂東薪水]
Bandō Shūchō II
[坂東しう調]
Ichikawa Danjūrō IX
市川団十郎
Ichikawa Danroku
[市川団六]
Ichikawa Ennosuke I [市川猿之助]
Ichikawa Gonjūrō
[市川権十郎]
Ichikawa Hidari Isuke [市川左伊助]
Ichikawa Kodanji V [市川小団次]
Ichikawa Monnosuke V [市川門之助]
Ichikawa Sadanji I
市川左団次
Ichikawa Shōaku
[市川升若]
Ichikawa Udanji I

[市川九團次]

Ichikawa Yonezō
[市川米蔵]
Iwai Hanshirō VIII

[岩井半四郎]

Iwai Matsunosuke IV [岩井松之助]
Kataoka Gadō III
[片岡我童]
Kawarasaki Gonnosuke I

[河原崎権之助]

Kawarasaki Kunitarō II [河原崎国太郎]
Kawarasaki Sanshō VII [河原崎三升]
Nakamura Kanjaku [中村歌雀]

中村翫雀

Nakamura Karoku II [中村歌六]
Takasagoya (Nakamura) Fukusuke III

[高砂屋福助]

Nakamura Fukusuke IV (Narikomaya)
Nakamura Shikan IV
中村芝翫
Nakamura Sōjūrō

[中村宗十郎]

Nakamura Tokizō I

[中村時蔵]

Onoe Baikō V

[尾上梅幸]

Onoe Einosuke I

[尾上栄之助]

Onoe Kikugorō V
[尾上菊五郎]
Onoe Matsusuke IV [尾上松助]
Ōtani Hiroji V

[大谷紫道]

Onoe Tamizō II

[尾上多見蔵]

Onoe Taganojō II

[尾上 多賀之丞]

Sawamura Gennosuke IV

[沢村源之助]

Sawamura Tanosuke III [沢村田之助]
Sawamura Tosshō II
沢村訥升

(often transliterated as Totsushō)

Suketakaya Takasuke IV
[助高屋高助]

The 2 “Nakamura Fukusuke” actors

Nakamura (Narikomaya) Fukusuke IV (mainly working in Edo) Nakamura (Takasagoya) Fukusuke III (mainly working in Osaka)
Paul Morris Griffith Chris Raper By the way, Chris, this is a rare instance of the ‘Fukusuke’ from Osaka appearing in Tokyo. Notice the actor is given as ‘Takasagoya Fukusuke’ (高砂屋福助) so that people would distinguish the actor from Fukusuke IV. Not that they look similar anyway

.

Carver’s seals

Seal Name
ホリ徳 Hori Toku

彫徳 Hori Toku – from a Kunisada III

彫工徳 Horikō Toku (1893 Kunisada III)

??? 彫工片田禾乃吉 Horikō Katada Renoyoshi
彫松嶋英斎 Hori Matsushima Eisai

Seen on a Kunisada II from 1868

Is this the same as “Matsushima Masakichi 1st” aka. “Eisai”?

Horikō Hei (Hira) 彫工平
彫勇 Hori Yū (彫勇) (translates as Isamu)

= Wada Yūjirō (和田勇次郎)

3rd is from an 1884 Kunichika

彫徳刀 Hori Toku-gatana
Hori Ryū 彫竜
Hori Fuji? 彫藤

Horikō Fuji?

Hori Cho 彫長

Katada Chojirō (片田彫長)

[彫工 彫長門人片田秀吉] Horiko Hori Cho monjin Katada Hideyoshi (Crver: HoriCho’s pupil Katada Hideyoshi) from an 1882/3 print by Chikanobu

Horikō Gin 彫工銀 Asai Ginjirō. Active from at least 1875 to 1890

2nd &3rd: Horikō Ginjirō 彫工銀次郎 Kunichika 1881 & Chikashige 1883

4th is Horikō Ginjirō 彫工銀治郎 (variant spelling of 2nd to last character?) Chikanobu 1882

Watanabe Eizō (渡辺栄蔵) Kunichika 1872-10 x2

Horikō Ei 彫工栄 … Watanabe Eizō (渡辺栄蔵) Kunichika 1867

Hori Ei 彫栄 … Watanabe Eizō (渡辺栄蔵) Kunichika 1867

渡辺彫栄 Watanabe Hori Ei

三世 彫栄 3rd generation Hori Ei (from a 1900 Hosai print)

二世彫栄 = 2nd generation Hori Eikō 彫栄

(possibly simply Hori Ei)

ホリ若狭 Hori Wakasa?
彫小三 = Hori Kozo???
Hori Mino 彫巳の = Koizumi Minokichi [Yoshiiku 1866]

1850-1871

Horikō Yata 彫工弥太

Watanabe Yatarō (渡辺 弥太郎)

[Kunichika 1870s]

Horikō Yatarō 彫工弥太郎

[Kunichika 1870s & 1885]

Hori Yata 彫弥太

5th is a carver combined with the price

?? Hori Yata 彫弥太 (3 sen?) 三戔

Hori Uta 彫卯多
Horikō Tashichi 彫工多七 Ōta Tashichi

[Kunichika 1860s]

Hori Tashichi 彫多七

[Kunisada I print]

Hori Yata 彫ヤタ
彫千之助 Hori Sen’nosuke
Horikō Masukichi 彫工舛吉 Carver’s seal. We know that this carver worked on a Kunichika triptych in 1867 and 1868. The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston says that this man’s name was Ōta Masukichi.

[Kunichika 1868]

Horikō Komachi 彫工駒吉
Horikō Kane 彫OO兼

Koizumi Kanegorō

[Yoshiiku]

Horikō Hidekatsu 彫工秀勝
Hori Mori = 彫守 (1884)
Hori Shin (彫新)

Found on an 1890 (Meiji 21, month 11) print by Kunisada III (signed “Baidō Kōchōrō hitsu” with a toshidama ring.

Hori Yasu 彫安
Horikō Oka 彫工岡
Horikō Muneoka? 彫工 宗岡

On a Kunichika Publisher is 秋山 武右エ門 Akiyama Buemon; date seems to be Meiji 16 (1883) month 5

Horikō En Katsu 彫工圓活
彫工延 Horikō Nobu
彫タツ Hori Tatsu

1884 Kunisada III

松嶋彫政 Matsushima Hori Masa
松嶋彫庄 Matsushima Hori Sho

2nd 1877 Kunichika

彫工善治 Horiko Yoshiharu
Hori Take 彫多キ
Hori Take 彫竹 (Yokegawa Takejirō, 横川彫武)

Also Yokegawa Hori Take 横川彫竹

Tanaka Hori Ushi

田中彫牛

工彫 Horiko?

片田栄吉 Katada Eikichi

ホリ齢松 Carver Yowai matsu?
ホリ イセ辰 Carver Ise-Shin
Ōkura Hanbē (大倉半兵衛)

大倉彫半 Ōkura Hori Han

Only seen on a few Chikashige prints by the publisher Tsutaya Kichizō 蔦屋吉蔵 seal reading 出板人林吉蔵 (shuppanjin Hayashi Kichizō)

Paul Morris Griffith: The block carver’s name, given as ‘Ōkura Hori Han’, refers to Ōkura Hanbē (大倉半兵衛).

彫鉄 Hori Tetsu 丸屋鉄次郎 (Maruya Tetsujirō) or 鉄治 (Tetsuji)

from 1867 Kunichika

Asakura Hori Man(?)

Seal reads: 彫万 朝倉彫万

From an 1865 Kunichika

???

Hiroshige print

Kunichika

Signatures

Kunichika ga: 国周画

  • (1850s-1865/8, 1869)

Ōju Kunichika ga: 應需国周画 (by demand…)

  • 1859

Ōju Kunichika hitsu: 應需国周筆

  • 1869

Hosai ga: 鴬斎画

  • See https://archive.library.metro.tokyo.lg.jp/da/result_s?q=%E9%B4%AC%E6%96%8E
  • 1860 鴬斎画
  • 1862 鴬斎画 x2

Ichihosai yu ga: 一鶯斎遊画

  • 1862 一鶯斎遊画

Ichihosai Kunichika ga: 一鴬斎国周画

  • 1858 一鴬斎国周画
  • 1860 國周画、一鶯齋國周画
  • 1861 一鶯齋國周画
  • 1862 一鴬斎国周画
  • 1862 一鴬斎国周画、国周画(年玉枠)、柳島国周画(年玉枠)
  • 1863 一鴬斎国周真(年玉枠)
  • ???? 一鶯齋豊原國周
  • 1870 一鴬斎国周筆

Kunichika hitsu: 国周筆

Toyohara Kunichika hitsu: 豊原国周筆 (hexagonal chika)

  • (1870-1885)

Toyohara Kunichika hitsu: 豊原国周筆 (square chika)

  • (1884-1900)

Meiji home addresses

  • See this website for a breakdown of Edo regions: https://edo.amebaownd.com/
  • Known addresses
    • 1862 or 1867 moves from Maki-chō to Otowa-chō
    • 1867 moves to Mukōjima?
    • (Nihonbashi) Hongoku-chō 4-chōme 35-banchi
      • Date: Meiji7 1874/6 to Meiji9 1876/8
      • 本石丁四丁目丗五番地
    • Ueno-chō 1-chōme 12-banchi
      • Date: Meiji10 1877/1 to Meiji12 1878/3
      • 上野町一丁目十二番地
      • 上ノ町一丁目十二番地
    • Yanaka Shimizu-chō 1 banchi
      • Date: Meiji12 (1879) / 2 to Meiji12 (1879) / 10
      • [谷中シ水丁一バンチ]
      • Alternate writing: [谷中清水丁一バンチ]
      • Alternate writing: [谷中清水町一番地]
    • ??? (1-chōme?) 13 banchi
      • Date: Meiji12 1879 / 7 to Meiji13 1880 / 2
      • ???川東 元町目 十三番地
      • ??? (1-chōme?) 13 banchi
    • Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi
      • Date: Meiji 14 (1881) / 3 to Meiji20 (1887) / 1
      • 浅草馬道七町目一番地
    • From ARN thesis – October 1898: He now resides in a corner of Honjo’s Omote-chō,3 and it would appear with little money. His home is situated on the northern side of Kumagai Inari-higashi 2-chōme; he occupies the middle of a terraced house. Writing fifteen years after Kunichika’s death, Sōitsurō notes in ‘Ukiyo-e shi sōboroku’, 27, that Kunichika died at a temporary residence in Yoshiwara Dote-shita in 1900. This suggests that he moved from Honjo, his residence at the time of this interview.
  • Tokyo addressing system: Japanese addressing system – Wikipedia
  • Municipality is divided into machi
  • district (丁目 chōme)
  • lot (バンチ OR 番地 banchi)

From Newland, A. (2016): Table II. Comparison of addresses on Kunichika prints (1875/1876 to 1889) by Ōe (1980) and Newland.

Address Japanese Ōe (1980) Newland (2016) CMTR
Hongoku-chō 4-chōme 35-banchi 本石丁四丁目丗五番地 1876 1875 / 1876* Meiji7 1874/6 to Meiji9 1876/8
Ueno-chō itchōme 12-banchi 上野町一丁目十二番地

上ノ町一丁目十二番地

1877 1877 / 1878 Meiji10 1877/1 to Meiji12 1878/3
Asakusa Kojima-chō 35-banchi 浅草小嶋町二十五番地

浅草小嶋町三十五番地

1878 1878 Meiji11 (1878) / month 2
Asakusa Shinhatago 12-banchi 浅草新ハタゴ [旅籠]十二バンチ 1878 1878 1879 / 2?
Yanaka Shimizu-chō itchōme 谷中シ水丁一バンチ

谷中清水丁一バンチ

谷中清水町一番地

1878 1879 Meiji12 (1879) / 2 to Meiji12 (1879) / 10
Fukagawa Higashimoto-machi 13-banchi 深川東 元町目 十三番地

深川東 元町目 十三バンチ

1879 1880 / 1881 Meiji12 1879 / 7 to Meiji13 1880 / 2
Asakusa Umamichi 7-chōme 1-banchi 浅草馬道七町目一番地 1880–89 1877,1880–86** Meiji 14 (1881) / 3 to Meiji20 (1887) / 1

*This author has also seen ’34-banchi’.

**Newspaper articles occasionally provide clues (e.g. Kanasugi-mura, Shitaya, and Fuyuki-chō, Fukagawa in 27 July 1891 Yomiuri article) or his obituary (Honjo),

Date: 6 / dog? June 1874?

Publisher: Daikokuyo Kinzaburō = Yamamura Kinzaburō (山村金三郎)

本石丁四丁目丗五番地

Honseki-cho 4 chōme 35 banchi

Date: 1875 = Meiji 8 / month 10 / day 16

Publisher: 松村倉吉, Matsumura Kurayoshi

本石丁四丁目丗五番地

Honseki-cho 4 chōme 35 banchi

Meiji9 (1876) / month 1 / day 3?

本石丁四丁目丗五番地

Honseki-cho 4 chōme 35 banchi

荒川八十八画作

南傳町壹百二番地

林吉〇枚 [can the missing char be 蔵?]

林吉藏??? Hayashi Yoshizo?

(right side)

Hongoku-cho, house 435,

Arakawa Yasohachi picture production, [Kunichika’s real name]

(left side)

Nanto-cho, house 102,

Hayashi Kichi〇masa. [Hayashi Kichizō?]

Meiji 9 (1876) / month 8? / day 25?

本石丁四丁目丗五番地

Honseki-cho 4 chōme 35 banchi

1877 / 1 / 1

上野町一丁目十二番地

Ueno-chō 1 chōme 12 banchi

Print Date: 1877 (Meiji 10), May 明治10年

Publisher: Yamamura Kinzaburō 山村金三郎

上野町一丁目十二番地

Ueno-chō 1 chōme 12 banchi

Date: Meiji10 (1877) / month 11 / day 22

Publisher: Tsujiokaya Kamekichi [鯛馬亀吉]

上ノ町一丁目十二番地

Ueno-chō 1 chōme 12 banchi

Date: Meiji11 (1878) / month 2 / day 26 明治十一年二月廿六日御届

Publisher: 出版人 倉田太助 Kurata Tasuke c1881-83

Asakusa Kojima-chō 35-banchi

浅草小嶋町三十五番地

Date: 1878 March (the play opened in February but it seems was very popular)

Carver: Hori Yata 彫弥太

Publisher: 福田熊次郎 Fukuda Kumajirō

上ノ町一丁目十二番地

Ueno-chō 1 chōme 12 banchi

Date: 1878 = Meiji11 / month 3 / day 3 Publisher:

福田熊次郎 = Fukuda Kumajirō

画工荒川八十八 = Gakō Arakawa Yasohachi

上ノ町一丁目十二番地

Ueno-chō 1 chōme 12 banchi

Print Date: 明治11 (1878) / 06 / 明治十一年

Publisher: 出版人 福田熊次良 福田熊次郎 Fukuda Kumajirō

Asakusa Kojima-chō 35-banchi

浅草小嶋町三十五番地

Date: ???
Date: 1879

Publisher: 福田熊次郎 Fukuda Kumajirō

Yanaka Shimizu-chō 1 banchi

[谷中シ水丁一バンチ]

Alternate writing: [谷中清水丁一バンチ]

Date: Meiji 12 (1879)

Publisher: 武川 清吉 Takekawa Seikichi (Sawamuraya Seikichi)

Artist:

Carver: Horikō Ginjiro

Yanaka Shimizu-chō 1 banchi

[谷中シ水丁一バンチ]

Alternate writing: [谷中清水丁一バンチ]

Date: Meiji12 (1879) / month 2

Publisher: Kobayashi Tetsujirō 小林 鉄 次 郎

???Asakusa Shinhatago 12-banchi

???浅草新ハタゴ [旅籠]十二バンチ

浅野栄蔵 Asano Eizō

Yanaka Shimizu-chō 1 banchi

[谷中シ水丁一バンチ]

Alternate writing: [谷中清水丁一バンチ]

浅野 栄蔵 Asano Eizō

2nd from 1876 Kunichika

Date: Meiji12 (1879) / month 5 (May) / day 17

Publisher panel:

  • Publisher: Matsui Eikichi [松井栄吉], Kyōbashi Yumichō 2-banchi [山下町二バンチ]
  • Artist: Arakawa Yasohachi (画工 荒川八十八)

Yanaka Shimizu-chō 1 banchi

[谷中シ水丁一バンチ]

Alternate writing: [谷中清水丁一バンチ]

Meiji 12 (1879) / 6th month / 3rd day

Publisher: Tsutaya Kichizō 蔦屋吉蔵 seal reading 出板人林吉

Artist:

Yanaka Shimizu-chō 1 banchi

[谷中シ水丁一バンチ]

Alternate writing: [谷中清水丁一バンチ]

Date: 明治12 (1879) / 06 [御届明治十二年六月日]

Publisher: Tsutaya Kichizō 蔦屋吉蔵 seal reading 出板人林吉蔵 (shuppanjin Hayashi Kichizō)

Yanaka Shimizu-chō 1 banchi

[谷中シ水丁一バンチ]

Alternate writing: [谷中清水丁一バンチ]

Date (print): Meiji 12 (1879) / month 10 / day 20

Publisher: Tsutaya Kichizō 蔦屋吉蔵 seal reading 出板人林吉蔵 (shuppanjin Hayashi Kichizō)

Fukagawa Higashimoto-machi 13-banchi

深川東 元町目 十三番地

深川東 元町目 十三バンチ

Date: 明治12/10 (1879/10)

Publisher: Yamamura Kinzaburō 山村金三郎

Yanaka Shimizu-chō 1 banchi

[谷中シ水丁一バンチ]

Alternate writing: [谷中清水丁一バンチ]

Date: Meiji 12 (1879) / month 7 / day 4 Publisher:

  • 價 (taika/price) 7 戔 (sen) 5 厘 (rin)
  • Publisher: 船津忠次郎 Funazu Chūjirō (c1877-82)
    [also: 神田元柳原町三十二バン地 舟津忠次郎]
  • Gako: Arakawa Yasohachi (荒川八十八) (画作 drawn)

Fukagawa Higashimoto-machi 13-banchi

深川東 元町目 十三番地

深川東 元町目 十三バンチ

Meiji12 (1879) / month 7

Fukagawa Higashimoto-machi 13-banchi

深川東 元町目 十三番地

深川東 元町目 十三バンチ

Meiji12 (1879) / month 7

Fukagawa Higashimoto-machi 13-banchi

深川東 元町目 十三番地

深川東 元町目 十三バンチ

Meiji13 (1880) / month 2

Fukagawa Higashimoto-machi 13-banchi

深川東 元町目 十三番地

深川東 元町目 十三バンチ

Date ???

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: ??

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: ???

Publisher: 荒井 喜三郎 Arai Kisaburō 南?馬町二丁目二バンチ Nantenmachō Nichōme 2-banchi

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: Meiji 14 (1881) / month 3

Publisher / Artist

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: Meiji14 (1881) / month 4 / day 10

Publisher: 荒井 喜三郎 Arai Kisaburō seal of the publisher Iseya Kisaburō

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: Meiji14 (1881) / month 5 /

Publisher: Kamiyama Seishichi (抻山清七)

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Meiji15 (1882) / month 4

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Meiji15 (1882) / month 5

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Meiji15 (1882) / month 7

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: Meiji16 (1883) / month 5 / day 15

Publisher: 秋山 武右工門 Akiyama Buemon 秋山 武右衛門

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: Meiji 16 (1883) / month 6 / day 27

Carver: Horikō Gin 彫工銀

Publisher: 出版人 Ōkura Magobē 大倉孫兵衛 (a.k.a. Yorozuya Magobē ; firm name Kin’eido; 1843-1921)

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: Meiji16 (1883) month 08

Publisher: Kamiyama Seishichi

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Meiji 16 (1883) / month 12

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: Meiji16 (1883) / month 12 明治十六年十二月 日御届

Publisher: 植木 林之助 Ueki Rin’nosuke

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: Meiji 17 (1884) / month 1/ day 21

Publisher panels:

  • Small red: Price?
  • Big yellow (publisher): 出版人 小宮山昇 Komiyama Shōbei (Shōhei) 小宮山昇
  • Big red (artist): 荒川八十八 = Arakawa Yasohachi
  • Thin yellow: Date

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Meiji 17 (1884) / month 1 / day 31

画工 荒川八十八

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: 明治17 (1884) 1 明治十七年一月

Publisher: 宮沢 政太朗 Masataro Miyazawa

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

1884 / 10 / 29

Mariko Shimizu: Interesting addresses!

画工 浅草馬道七町目一番地 荒川八十八

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Horse Road: https://edo.amebaownd.com/posts/3389397

出版人 新乗物町四番地 福田保

Vehicle Road: https://edo.amebaownd.com/posts/3323329

Date: Meiji18 (1885) / month 1 御届明治十八年一月 日

Publisher: 福田熊治郎 Fukuda Kumajirō; Carver: Horikō Yata 彫工弥太

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Meiji 18 (1885) / month 1

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: 明治18 (1885) / month 2

Publisher: Fukuda Kumajirō (出版人) 福田熊治郎 (last character written as 良)

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: 御届明治十八年四月十日 = Meiji19 (1885) / month 04 / 10

Publisher: 楢原 周平 (Narahara Shūhei)

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

楢原周平

Date: Meiji 19 (1886) / month 4 / day 10

Publisher:

Artist: OOOOOOOOOO / 画工 gakō (artist) 荒川八十八 = Arakawa Yasohachi

Publisher: OOOOOOOOOO / 出版人 平野栄太郎 Hirano Eitarō

(浅草)馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Unknown

Date: 明治19 (1886) / month 5

Publisher: 平野栄太郎 Hirano Eitarō

???

Date: Meiji20 (1887) / month 1

Publisher: 出版人 三宅 半四郎 = Miyake Hanshirō

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: 明治20 (1887) month 1 明治二十年一月

Publisher: 出版人児玉又七 児玉 又七 Kodama Matashichi

??Gako & address written in an unusual way

Publisher’s seals

Pre 1875

Daikokuya Kinzaburō (?Kinzaburo Yamamura)

See also below in 1875+ section

沢村屋清吉 Sawamuraya Seikichi
Ibaya Senzaburō
林 伊勢屋利兵衛 seal Hayashi name Iseya Rihē
近久版 Kinkyū-han, the seal name Kinkyū of Ōmiya Kyūjirō (近江屋 久次郎), in operation from IX/1885 to ca. 1904 in the Nihonbashi Honchō, Nihonbashi Yokoyamachō, Nihonbashi Sakiaichō, Nihonbashi Sumiyoshichō, Nihonbashi Kameichō and Nihonbashi Bakurochō districts of Tokyo.
浜田屋 鉄五郎 Hamadaya Tetsugoro Marks 25-581 | 087b (1873)

From an 1873 Kunichika

津ノ伊 Marks 21-188 | 552a Tsunoi Tsunokuniya Isaburō
unknown : Marks 07-010 | U463a Zen (2)

Late 1840s to 1872

Maruya Jimpachi on a Toyokuni III print dated 1855/5
Sugiya Seibei

Marks 24-049 | 489d Umamichi, Sugisei; 1867-70

From an 1869 Kunichika

Unknown – Kunisada I
野田屋板 / 野田屋 Nodaya-ban / Nodaya = Nodaya Tahē (野田屋太兵衛)

Marks: 25-549, 397f dated 1873

Iseya Kanekichi

吉 伊勢兼

吉 Kichi, 伊勢兼 Isekane [Marks: seal 21-059; pub. ref. 145]

2nd Kunichika 1860s

Daikokuya Heikichi
Ōmiya Kyūjirō, mark=Kinkyū
[Marks 30-034 | 415c] 1655-75
大橋 Ōhashiya Yashichi 大橋屋 弥七
Yamaguchiya Tōbei
Maruya Jinpachi 丸屋 甚八 (1861)
Kiyomizuya
Tsutaya Kichizō

(see panel below)

2nd from an 1875 Kunichika

Gusokuya Kahei

1 & 2: 人形町 具足屋 Gusokuya 具足屋 Kahei, Ningyōchō 人形町 [Marks: seal 24-031; pub. ref. 085]

All from Kunichika 1867/4

土橋政田屋板 (Dobashi Matadaya jan) = 政田屋 平吉 / 政田屋 兵吉 (Masadaya Heikichi) (1869-1875) Marks #25-448 | 302e

Kunichika 1869 series prints

Kunichika 1870 print

Unknown

2nd 1869 Kunichika

Etsuka

From an 1865/11 series print by Kunichika

unknown
瓦町 森本 seal reading Kawaramachi 瓦町, Morimoto 森本 seal of Morimoto Junzaburō 森本 順三郎 [Marks: seal 25-116, pub. ref. 349]

2nd Kunichika 1870/10 森本板

Bun, Tsujibun han, (Tsujiokaya Bunsuke (辻岡屋文助) (address: Yokoyamachō Sanchōme) (used 1867-72) Marks# 23-067 (actually this shows the publisher mark was used until 1875)

Tsujiokaya Bunsuke?? 辻岡屋 文助 / 文、辻文板、よこ山町三丁目

The publisher mark is 万 Man, in use 1873-74. This is Yorozuya Magobē (万屋 孫兵衛), in operation from ca. 1865 to 1919 in the Nohonbashi district of Edo/Tokyo.

万版元 man hanmoto. Yorozuya Magobē

万屋 孫兵衛

In full: 板元、万、日本橋通り一 萬孫

(used red & gold border)

4th 1869 Kunichika Marks #24-063 | 627e

Yamamoto Heikichi
(aka. Eikyudo, Yamamoto-ya Heikichi)

(and Yamamoto Kyūbei???)

山本 平吉 Yamamoto Heikichi seal: 久、東京おやじばし、山本 Hisashi, Tokyo Oyajibashi, Yamamoto

Kisaku? Similar to 25-546 | 251b but missing the second character
Kiya Sakutarō 1868-74

(1868? Kunichika)

Kiya Sōjirō
万丁 平のや Yorozuchō Hiranoya, in use 1863-64; this is Shiranoya Shinzō (平野屋 新蔵), in operation from II/1861 to ca. 1869 in the Nihonbashi Yorozuchō district of Edo/Tokyo.
平野屋 新蔵 Hiranoya Shinzo?
Fujiokaya Keijirō

藤岡屋 慶次郎???

The publisher seal reads くら前、辻亀板 Kuramae, Tsujikame han (block), in use 1871-72. This is Tsujiokaya Kamekichi 辻岡屋 亀吉, seal name Tsujikame 辻亀, in business from ca. 1866 to 1918 in the Ryogoku (around 1866), Asakusa Kuramae (ca. 1871-72), Asakusa Kawaramachi (ca. 1873-82) and Nihonbanshi Bakurochō district of Edo/Tokyo.

(used black & gold border)

Kame / Tsujikame 1869 Kunichika

Yoshio Kusaba: The publisher’s legal name is 綱島 亀吉 Tsunajima Kamekichi. His business name is 辻岡屋 亀吉 Tsujiokaya Kamakichi. See here

Dobashi Masadaya han 土橋政田屋 版; trade name Masadaya Heikichi
丸屋鉄治郎 = Maruya Tetsujirō (= 小林 鉄次郎 = Kobayashi Tetsujirō)
Tsujiokaya Kamekichi [綱島亀吉]
Iseya Kisaburō

1873 Kunichika

吉加ゞや板 Kichi, Kagaya han =Kagaya Kichibē [加賀屋 吉兵衛]

From an ~1860s Kunichika

Wakasaya Jingorō

From Kunchika 1866/10

Daikokuya Kinnosuke 大黒屋金之助

Similar to Marks seal #22-002

Seal name Daikin 大金

Andreas Marks gives the dates as ca. 1863-75. However, there is a Toyokuni III triptych at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston dated 1860

2nd image from Publishers A thru Ebiya (printsofjapan.com)

Yoshio Kusaba: ツキジ (Tsukiji; the last character written as a ductile チ chi), an abbreviated address. 大金 the seal name, standing for Daikokuya Kinnosuke (大黒屋 金之助), in operation from ca. 1863 to 75, in the Tsukiji district of Edo/Tōkyo.

Sanoya Kihei 佐野屋喜兵衛

Kunisada pre-1840 print

Publisher seal: 佐野喜 Sanoki, in use 1830s-60s; this is seal name of the publisher Sanoya Kihei (佐野屋 喜兵衛), in operation from ca. 1800s to 1875 in the Nihonbashi and Shiba Shinmeimae districts of Edo/Tōkyō.

Maruya Kiyūshirō
Masudaya Ginjirō

Marks 30-040, 304g

Kogaya Katsugorō

Ko symbol in square with the scribble 21-087 | 262f “Ko, E-katsu” 1862-69

1875 and later

Kodama Matashichi?

児玉 又七???;

Tsuda Genshichi (津田源七)

1878 Yohitoshi

?Uemura Seizaemon

上村清左衛門 OR 上村清左工門

Ibaya Senzaburō??
Narahara Shūhei (楢原 周平)

浅草馬道七町目一番地 Asakusa Umamichi (horse road) 7 chōme 1 banchi

Date: 御届明治十八年四月十日 = Meiji19 (1885) / month 04 / 10

Watch also for 楢葉 周平 (Naraha Shūhei)

木村定五郎 Kimura Sadagorō
小島鎬吉 Kojima Hokichi

1884 Kunichika

榎本藤兵衛 Enomoto Tōbei (maybe?)

From an 1899 Kunichika royal family print

武田 平治 Takeda Heiji

From an 1884 Kunichika

高沢房次郎 Takazawa Fusajiro

(1883-1886)

Tokyo Fukagawa Nakamachi 24-banchi

From a post 1860s Kunichika

2nd from an 1886 Kunichika

植木 林之助 Ueki Rinnosuke (Ebiya Rinnosuke) and address

1/1/1877 Kunichika

清水文蔵 Shimizu Bunzō

From an 1888 Kunichika

秋山 武右エ門 Akiyama Buemon (1882-1920s)

From an 1887 Kunisada III

大倉四郎兵エ Ōkura Shirōhei

大倉四郎兵ヱ Ōkura Shirōbe-e

From a Chikanobu print

Matsushita Heibē 松下平兵エ

On a 1881 Chikashige

3rd On an 1884 Chikanobu

三浦武明 Miura Takeaki

1885 Kunichika

山本利兵衛 = Yamamoto Rihē

From an 1878 Chikanobu print

Yamamoto Heikichi 山本平吉

2nd from an 1881 Chikashige

Sawa Hisajirō 澤久次郎
Higuchi Gintarō 樋口 銀太郎

On an 1887 print by Kunisada III (signed Kunimasa IV)

宮沢 政太朗 Masataro Miyazawa
出版人 佐々木豊吉

seal of the publisher Sasaki Toyokichi

[Marks pub ref. 450; this seal not shown but the last five characters on the seal are similar to seal 25-209 and read 佐々木豊吉]

堤吉兵衛 Tsutsumi Yoshibē

印刷兼発行者

荒井 喜三郎 Arai Kisaburō seal of the publisher Iseya Kisaburō

[Marks: seal ref. 26-124; pub. ref. 148]

Left half: 出板人 荒井 喜三郎 shuppanjin (publisher) Arai Kisaburō

南?馬町二丁目二バンチ Nantenmachō Nichōme 2-banchi

2nd from an 1885 Kunichika

3rd from 1880s? Kunichika

Fukase Kamejirō 深瀬亀次郎
長谷川 園吉 Hasegawa Sonokichi Address: 小傳馬町三丁目 十七バンチ

Cat silhouette

Yamamura Kinzaburō 山村金三郎

Also uses like Daikokuya Kinzaburō but thicker circle border

Yamamura Kinzaburō 山村金三郎
Fukuda Kumajirō 福田熊次郎

[Marks: seal not shown; pub. ref. 071]

IHL catalogue #345

#2 (出版人) 福田熊治郎 (last character written as 良) from an 1885 Kunichika print

#3 Chikashige print 1880

#4 from an 1885 Kunichika

横山良八 Yokoyama Ryōhachi
吉田 喜代松 Yoshida Kiyomatsu

2nd from a Kunichika 1883/9

Asano Kinnosuke (浅野 金之助)

At Tokyo Asakusa Yamanoschukuchō 42-banchi (浅草山ノ宿町四十二バンチ)

Imaizumi Kichizō 今泉吉蔵
Tsutaya Kichizō 蔦屋吉蔵 seal reading 出板人林吉蔵 (shuppanjin Hayashi Kichizō)

(see seal above) from a 1879 Kunchika print

小森作太郎 Komori Sakutarō 1881-1895
(became Sakujirō)
森本順三郎 Morimoto Junzaburō (on an 1898 Kunisada III print)

Then on an 1881 Chikashige print

Morimoto Junzaburō 森本 順三郎

Kunichika? used black & gold borders)

Chikashige 1881

武川卯之助 Takegawa Unosuke (on a Kunisada III / Baidō Kōchōrō 1892 print)

Same as 武川卯之吉 Takekawa Unokichi

Inoue Mohē 井上茂兵衛

From a print by Chikayoshi

[馬喰町三丁目十九番地] (Tokyo Nihonbashi Bakurochō Sanchōme 19-banchi)

[出版人] (publisher)

[井上茂兵(衞)] Inoue Mohei

[價七浅五厘] (price 7 sen 5 something)

Publisher:

  • [出版人] (shuppanjin) = publisher
  • [蛎売町二丁目八番地] = Kakiuri machi ni chōme 8-banchi [also the address of 懶川虎吉 Tatsukawa Kokichi]
  • [艮谷川忠兵衛] = Ushitora Tanigawa Chūbee
  • [彫工 OOO七] = Horikō
福田熊次郎 Fukuda Kumajirō
福田熊次郎 Fukuda Kumajirō (1897/6)

Fish logo

Mariko Shimizu

明治 … 月 … 日印刷

日本バシ区長谷川十九バン

臨寫印刷兼発行者

福田熊次郎

1892 Kunichika

Fukuda Hatsujirō 福田初次郎 (1894-1939)

Nihobahsi-ku Hasegawachō 19-banch

Marks: seal 30-062

Print Kunisada III (1900)

Continued the Kunajiro business from XI/1898 (see above)

福田初次郎 Fukuda Hatsujirō

Address Nihobahsi-ku Hasegawachō 19-banch

From an 1899 Kunisada III (Hosai) print

Akiyama Buemon 秋山 武右工門 / 秋山 武右衛門 (~1882-1920)

(Kunichika 1883)

Marks 26-063 | 204a

Shintomichō Rokuchōme 2-banchi hanmoto Kamiyama Seishichi (抻山清七)

C1877-84

found on an 1883 Kunichika print & 1881 Kunichika print

3rd on 1883 Kunichika

Publisher:

  1. Date: Meiji 19
  2. Artist: OOOOOOOOOO / 画工 gakō (artist) 荒川八十八 = Arakawa Yasohachi
  3. Publisher: OOOOOOOOOO / 出版人 平野栄太郎 Hirano Eitarō
辻岡文助 the signature of 辻岡屋文助 Tsujiokaya Bunsuke

2nd is an 1885 Chikanobu

3rd from an 1878 Chikashige

1875 松村倉吉, Matsumura Kurayoshi
Tsujiokaya Kamekichi [綱島亀吉]

Tsujiokaya Kamekichi [綱島亀吉]

Publisher panels:

  • Small red: Price?
  • Big yellow (publisher): 出版人 小宮山昇 Komiyama Shōbei (Shōhei) 小宮山昇
  • Big red (artist): 荒川八十八 = Arakawa Yasohachi (=Kunichika)
  • Thin yellow: Date

Shohei Komiyama 出版人 小宮山昇 (Kunichika 1883)

片田 長治郎 Katada Chōjirō
宮地虎之助 Miyaji Toranosuke

桶丁二十七バンチ 出版人 宮地虎之助

From an 1884 Kunisada III (Kunimasa IV)

Publication date: Meiji 9 (1876), August 5 (明治九年八月五日)

The designer: Arakawa Yatohachi (=Kunichika) ga (drew) (荒川 八十八画; there may be different reading for the personal name; his address above);

The publisher: Ueki Rin’nosuke han (block holder) (植木 林之助板; his address above).

Publisher: Komori Sōjirō (小森宗次郎)

Carver: Horikō Gin – Asai Ginjirō. Active from at least 1875 to 1890. Worked on Kunichika in 1875 to 1879 and in 1884 and ca. 1887.

From an 1888 Kunisada III (Kunimasa IV)

In the publisher details:

Rightmost panel is the date of printing (Meiji 14, month 12)

Right-middle panel (red) is his address and name (守川音次郎 = 守川周重 = Morikawa Otojiro)

Left-middle panel (yellow) 出版 人(shuppanjin=publisher) Takeaki Mitsumata

Leftmost panel 定價十戔 price 10 sen ??

Publisher: 小森 宗次郎 Komori Sōjirō
牧金之助 Maki Kinnosuke?
Yamaguchiya Tōbei 山口藤兵衞, with the address already shown as Tokyo (formerly Edo), reading 東京馬喰町二丁目 Tokyo Bakurochō Nichōme; this publisher was in operation from ca. 1805 to 1895
Kagaya Kichibē?

加賀屋 吉兵衛

Tsutsumi Kichibē 堤吉兵衛 located at Tokyo Nihonbashi Yoshikawachō 5-banchi 日本橋区吉川町五番地 (this address matches the seal)

(not in Marks)

Tsutsumi Kichibē O吉兵工 (1893)

日本バシ区吉川丁五バンチ

=Nihon bashi-ku Yoshikawa Chō go banchi

武川 清吉 Takekawa Seikichi (Sawamuraya Seikichi) followed by address
Date: 1878 December 2nd [Meiji 11, 12, 02]

Publisher: Yamaguchi-ya Tōbei

Morimoto Junzaburō 森本 順三郎 (1900 Kunichika print)
Date: Meiji20 / month 1 = 1887 January

Carver: Horikō Yata 彫工弥太

Publisher: 出版人 三宅 半四郎 = Miyake Hanshirō

Miyake Hanshirō 三宅 半四郎 [Marks: seal not shown; pub. ref. 338]

#2 is 1885 Kunichika triptych

澤 久次郎 Sawa Kujirō
An alternate signature for 井沢 菊太郎 Izawa Kikutarō (address the same)
Unknown

出版人(Shuppanjin)

Gako: Takenōchi Hidehisa (竹内栄久) = real name of Kunisada III / Kunimasa IV

Left: 1887? Meiji 20? Month 2, Day 20?

Middle: Unknown publisher 出版人(=publisher)

Right: 画工 橋本直義 artist Hashimoto Naoyoshi

小林鉄次郎 Kobayashi Tetsujirō
中島枩次郎 Nakajima Kojirō

OR

中島 松次郎 Nakajima Matsujirō

1883 Kunichika

Hayashi Kichizō (林吉蔵)

本石町四百三十五番地

荒川八十八画作

南傳町壹百二番地

林吉〇枚 [can the missing char be 蔵?]

(right side)

Hongoku-cho, house 435,

Arakawa Yasohachi picture production, [Kunichika’s real name]

(left side)

Nanto-cho, house 102,

Hayashi Kichi〇masa. [Hayashi Kichizō?]

出版人 荒川藤兵エ = 荒川藤兵衛 = Arakawa Tōbē

Censor/date seals

1st period: Kiwame (1790-1805)

Kiwame (1800-1802) from an early Kunimitsu
Kiwame from an 1827-30 Kuniyoshi
Pre-1840s Kunisada

2nd period: Kiwame various (1805-1841)

c1820 Kiwame
Unknown – Kunisada I
Kiwame 1815-V/1842
Unknown Kuniyoshi

3rd period: Nanushi censors (1842-1853)

Watanabe Jiemon 1843-1845
censor Murata Heiemon (this seal = 1843-1845)
E – Tanaka Hejiro 1843-1845
Date: 1848; Censor: Kinugasa Fusajiro & Hama Yahē (often written Yahei) (1847-1848);
1847-1848 (Yoshimura Gentaro & Muramatsu Genroku)
Muramatsu Genroku & Fukushima Giemon (1849-1853). 11th month of 1850

M – Watanabe Shoemon & N – Mera Taichiro: 1851-1853

1852 Rat/2: Yoshio says: 子弐 (ne, ni, the year of rat, 1852, second month) … to the left are two examiner seals, Mera (米良) and Watanabe (渡邊)

1852 (Rat intercalary); O – Fukushima Giemon, H – Muramatsu Genroku 1849-1853
1852 Rat 5 – Hama Yahē & Magomi Kangeyu 1849-1853
Rat/11 1852; Fukushima Giemon & Muramatsu Genroku
「子十二」, ‘rat/12’, corresponding to the 12th month of 1852, while the smaller circular seals above it are for the censors Murata and Kinugasa
Date: 1847-52(?)

Censor: Hama Yahē & Magomi Kangeyu (1849-1853)

1850 – Hama Yahē & Magomi Kangeyu 1849-1853
1850s – Hama Yahē & Magomi Kangeyu 1849-1853
1850-51 [53 stations] N&G Mera Ta-ichiro & Murata Heiemon 1847-1850
1850-51 [53 stations] G&N Murata Heiemon & Mera Ta-ichiro 1847-1850
1850-51 [53 stations] K&I Kinugasa Fusajiro & Hama Yahē 1847-1848
1850-51 [53 stations] K&I Kinugasa Fusajiro & Hama Yahē 1847-1848
Censor: Muramatsu Genroku & Fukushima Giemon

Date: 1851 (Kaei 4), 9th month

1852 / month 6 (Muramatsu Genroku & Fukushima Giemon)
date Ox/4 (1853?)

4th period: Aratame with oval date (1853-1858)

the year of tiger, Kaei 7th year, 1854, the ninth month
1854 / month 1 on a Toyokuni III print
Tiger / 5 1854
1854 / month 9
Hare / 2 aratame 1855/2
Hare / 7 = Ansei 2, 7 month (1855)
Aratame Hare / 11 1855
Aratame 4th period

Date: Hare / 5? 1855

Hare/8 - 1855, 8th month Hare / 8 aratame (1855)
1856 aratame, Dragon 9
Aratame, the year of dragon, 1856 (Ansei 安政 3), the eleventh month.
Date: 1856 aratame, Dragon 6 = (Ansei 3), 6th month
「巳三」 ‘serpent/3’, which corresponds to the 3rd month of 1857
Snake/8 - 1857, 8th month Snake / 8 aratame (1857)
Horse/6 - 1858, 6th month Horse / 6 (1858)

5th period: Aratame with date inside (1859-1875)

1859 / month 1
Goat / 6 [1859]
Goat 4 = 1859 4th month
1859 / month 8
aratame 1859, Ansei 安政 6, July
1861 / 2 = Cock / 2
1862 (Bunkyû 2), 5th month
1862
1862 = Dog / 10
1862 December
aratame 4th period seal / 1862 1862 (Bunkyû 2), 7th month
戌正 改 Inu (the year of dog, Bunkyu 文久 2, 1862), the first month; Aratame examined
Unknown? 1862
1862 = Dog / ?
Dog / intercalary month [1862 / 8th month]
1863 / 7
1864/5 = Rat / 5
1864 (apparently Rat 5 aratame)
aratame 1864 February
Aratame 1864 / 12 子十二
aratame 1865
1865 Ox / 7 (Year Keio first year (1865))

Yoshio Kusaba: 丑七改, Ox 7th month, aratame (Keio 慶応 1, 1865, shichi, aratame).

1865 Ox / 5 aratame
Censor/Date: aratame January 1865;
Tiger / 1? Keio 02 (1866)
1866 aratame Tiger / 1
1866 / 2
1866 Tiger / 5 [1854 or 1866 or 1878]
1866 / 8 aratame 寅八改
1867 / 3
seal 5th period, 1864-71 approximately; possibly 1867?

Looks like 1867 / 3 (above)

Hare over 3 = 1867

Hare over 4 = 1867
aratame 1867 (Keiô 3), 1st month
1868? Dragon/12?
1868?
1868 aratame Tiger? Dragon? / 4th month
snake / 1 (1869)
1869 / 3
5th period seal – Meiji 03 (1870) 3
1870 / 4
1870 / month 7?
1870 / 10 intercalary
1870
1870 / 6
1870-11 intercalary month
1870 (Meiji 3, 午十改, uma, the year of horse, 10th month, Aratame
1870 month 11 from a reprinted book by Kunisada I
Goat 1871 / 3 from a Kunichika print
Aratame Goat / 6 = 1871
aratame Goat / 9 = September 1871
1871 month 12? From a kunichika

6th period: Zodiac date in round seal (no aratame) (1872-1875)

unknown
1872 = Monkey (right) / 1 (left)?
1872/April = Monkey (right) / 4 (left)
1872 / 8 = Monkey / 8?
1872 / 8
1873 / 2 酉一
1873 / 4 or 9? Cock / 4? Reversed
1873 = Cock / 4
1873 / 4
1873 = Cock / 4
1873 / 6 cock/6=酉六
1874 = Dog??!
1874 = Dog / ?
1874 = Dog / 11
1874 = Dog / 6?
1874 = dog / 6
1874 (1874-07) = Dog / ?
1874 = Dog / 5?
1875 = Boar / ?
1875 = Boar / 5
Boar 9 = 1875 / 9 September

Artist signatures

Gigadō Ashiyuki

Gigadō Ashiyuki ga 戲画堂芦ゆ起画

Adachi Ginko

Shōsetsusai Ginkō hitsu 枩雪齋銀光筆

Irai shitagai Shinshō Ginko ga 依頼随眞匠銀光画

Toyohara Chikanobu

Chikanobu hitsu 周延筆

Chikanobu ga

周延画

Yōshū Chikanobu hitsu 楊洲周延筆

Chikanobu hitsu 1910?! 周延筆

Morikawa Chikashige

Morikawa Chikashige hitsu

with toshidama seal

Toyohara Chikayoshi

(Suzuki Sato 鈴木 さと)

Toyohara Chikayoshi hitsu 豊原周義 筆

Toyohara Chikayoshi hitsu 豊原周義 筆

Suzuki Sato
鈴木佐登 (worked out by Mariko Shimizu)

Last character is written in hentaigana

Suzuki Sato
鈴木 さと

Utagawa Fusatane

Utagawa Hiroshige I

Utagawa Hiroshige II

Ikkei Shōsai

Utagawa Kokunimasa

Baidō Kokunimasa 楳堂小國政

Utagawa Kuniaki II

Ichiōsai Kuniaki hitsu 一凰斎国明画

Kuniaki ga

Toyohara Kunichika

Ichiōsai (一鶯斎), Ōsai (鶯斎)

1835-1900

(dates are just based on prints I have seen)

Kunichika ga

国周画

(1850s-1865/8, 1869)

Ōju Kunichika ga

應需国周画

(by demand…)

1859

??? Kunichika ga

1862

(Ichiyūsai?) Kunichika ga

1863

Ichiosai Kunichika hitsu

一鶯斎国周筆

1865

Kunichika hitsu

国周筆

(1863-1872, 1874)

Ōju Kunichika hitsu

應需国周筆

1869

Toyohara Kunichika hitsu

豊原国周筆

(hexagonal chika)

(1870-1885)

Toyohara Kunichika hitsu

豊原国周筆

(square chika) (1884-1900)

Ōju Toyohara Kunichika hitsu 應需 豊原国周筆

1883-1886

応需豊春楼国周筆 Ōju Hōshunrō Kunichika hitsu (豊春楼国周筆) 1890

Hōshunrō seems to have been used rarely (4 prints found online +1 extra in my collection) between 1890-1895

豊春楼国周筆 Hōshunrō Kunichika hitsu 1892

Utagawa Kunimitsu

Kunimitsu (国満)

fl. c. 1800-1832

Toyokuni meijin Kunimitsu ga

Toyokuni I

Ichiyōsai (一陽斎), Toyokuni (とよ国)

1769-1825

Toyokuni ga
豊國画

Utagawa Kunisada I

Ichiyōsai (一陽斎), Kōchōrō (香蝶楼), Toyokuni III (豊国)

fl. 1807-1865

Kōchōrō Kunisada ga (1825-1861)

Ichiyūsai Kunisada ga (1811-)

nanajūkyū-sai Toyokuni hitsu (79 years old)

1864-1865

Toyokuni ga
豊國画

Utagawa Kunisada II

Ichiyōsai (一陽斎), Kunimasa III (国政), Toyokuni IV (豊国)

1823-1880

Kunisada ga

Nidai Kunisada Ga … second Kunisada drew

Utagawa Kunisada III

Baidō (梅堂), Baidō (楳堂), Eikyū (栄久),
Hōsai (豊斎), Kōchōrō (香朝楼), Kunimasa IV (国政), Kunisada III (国貞), Toyokuni V (豊国)

1848-1920

Baidō Kunimasa hitsu

楳堂 国政 筆

Kunimasa hitsu 国政筆

Kōchōrō hitsu 香朝楼筆

Hosai hitsu
豊齋筆


Ōju Kōchōrō hitsu

応需 香朝楼 筆

Kōchōrō Hosai hitsu with Baidō seal

香朝楼 豊齋 筆

Baidō Hosai hitsu

楳堂 豊齋 筆

Ōju Baidō Kunimasa hitsu 応需梅堂国政筆

Baidō Kunimasa hitsu 梅堂国政筆

Toyohara Kunichika hitsu (imitated by) Baidō Kunimasa ga with seal
豊原国周筆 倣テ 梅堂国政画

Utagawa Hosai hitsu with Hosai seal

歌川豊斎筆

Ōju Baidō Kunimasa hitsu with a flower seal 応需梅堂国政筆

Utagawa Kuniteru

Kuniteru hitsu

Ichiyōsai Kuniteru ga

Utagawa Kuniyoshi

Ichiyūsai Kuniyoshi ga

Unknown

應需楳O国登O画

Utagawa Sadatora

Sadatora ga

Utamaro

Ochiai Yoshiiku

Yoshiiku ga
x画

Yoshiiku ga
芳幾画

Ikkeisai Yoshiiku hitsu

?? 芳幾

?? Yoshi Iku

Utagawa Yoshitora

Yoshitora ga

Yoshitora ga

Tsukioka Yoshitoshi


Sakigake (Itsuki?) Yoshitoshi ga

一魁齋芳年画

Aniline colours

Taken from Cesaratto et.al. (2018) “A timeline for the introduction of synthetic dyestuffs in Japan during the late Edo and Meiji periods”.

Name Colour Used from Note
Rosaniline

Basic red 14

Magenta

Fuchsine

Purple 1864 Triarylmethane class; synthesized by Natanson (1856) and August Wilhelm von Hofmann (1858), it was first patented and manufactured in 1859 in France using the process of Verguin, under the name of fuchsine, later popularly known as “magenta”. Fluoresces under green light.

Usually used in combination with Prussian blue for a more bluish color. From 1875, it was usually mixed or replaced with Methyl Violet for a stronger purple.

Pararosaniline

Basic red 9

Colourful Red blue 1869 Triarylmethane class; Pararosaniline is the non-methylated homolog of rosaniline. It’s not possible to easily separate this from rosaniline in prints.
Safflower Red

Natural red 26

Carthamine

benibana

Red antiquity Chalcone class; natural (vegetal).
Carmine

Carminic acid
cochineal

Red 1869 – 1891 Obtained from insects; natural (animal). Often combined with vermillion.
Methyl Violet

Basic violet 1

Blue purple 1875 Triarylmethane class; Synthetized: 1861, As artists’ material: 1866.
Crystal Violet

Basic violet 3

Bright blue purple 1883 Triarylmethane class; Both Methyl Violet & Crystal Violet are very prone to photo-fading, which demethylates them to pararosaniline. So it is hard to work out whether these were mixed with “magenta” or not.
Eosin Y

acid red 87; solvent red 43

Brilliant yellow red / brilliant pink 1877 Xanthene class; synthesized 1871; Eosin did not replace Carmine, but was often used in mixture with it for dark reds, while it was used alone for pinks. Used for cherry blossoms.
Ponceau 2R

Acid red 26

Colourful red yellow 1889 Naphthol class*; synthesized 1878; replaced Carmine.
Cotton Scarlet
Acid red 73
Yellow light red 1892~ Naphthol class; synthesized in 1882 by Limpach and in 1883 by H. Hoffmann
Brilliant Scarlet

Acid red 18

Red 1895~ Naphthol class; synthesized by Baum in 1878
  • Naphthol reds give a bright red hue. Because of their high solubility in water they bleed through the paper (and the backing, if any), and are characteristically visible on the back of the prints. These tended to be very garish and were used most often as accents, not big blocks of colour.
  • The introduction of magenta as a new purple in 1864 always involved a mixture with Prussian blue, presumably to adjust the hue and saturation of the printed color. This mixing is clearly visible comparing the front and the back in a print dated 1870, reported in Fig. 7. Magenta has been more absorbed by the paper substrate, making the back appear more pink, while the front is a deep purple tone.
  • The naphthol reds that appeared from 1889 were used in mixture with vermilion in several cases. This seems to have been a common practice in the production of lithographic inks, where it was most likely added to increase the opacity of the ink. Mixtures of naphthol red and eosin, sometimes with vermilion added, were also detected.
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raman_spectroscopy

Name Colour Used from Note
realgar (α-AsS) Orange / red Edo Arsenic sulfides – occurring naturally but synthesised artificially
pararealgar

(β-AsS)

Yellow Edo
orpiment (As2S3) Yellow Edo Large scale manufacture in the late Edo(>1846). Used with Prussian Blue to make green
alacranite (As8S9) Red Edo rare

Luo, Yanbing (2016) Synthetic arsenic sulfides in Japanese prints of the Meiji period

Design clues in Kunichika prints

Feature Date range
Solid red backgrounds Should come in after 1869 when artificial dyes were introduced
Diagonal split screens 1865(?), 1874-1883
Black & gold frames around the margin 1870-1877, plus an outlier labelled “1880s” an a Chikashige from 1883
Green frame 1873
Red frame 1873-1874
麻の葉 = “Asa-no ha” hemp-leaf geometric patterns on kimonos 1869-1880 (actually seen much earlier prints too so I think there is no effective way to use this to date prints)
Grey/silver ink that stains brown 1881-1883 & 1896

Print selling prices

Usually marked 定價金 (taikakin) or just 定價 (taika) then a number and 戔 sen

Type of print Before Meiji (pre-1868) Around 1872/73
Ōban triptych with full-length figures 25 sen 100-150 sen
Ōban triptych with half-length figures 18 sen 7 rin 5 mō 75-100 sen (four actors; 100 sen if by Kunichika)
Single ōban warrior print (not listed) 5 sen
Single-sheet ōban toy print (omocha-e) 2 sen 25 sen (50 sen if by Yoshifuji, 75 sen for detailed version)
Fan print of beauties and actors in half-length (not listed) 50 sen
My prints
Kunichika 3-actor, framed, red-backed triptych 1868 6 sen
Chikashige 8-actor, blue-backed triptych 1881 10 sen

Kabuki Jūhachiban

These are the 18 plays traditionally associated with the Ichikawa Danjūrō line of actors:


Fuwa* (1680)

Narukami (1684)

Shibaraku (1697)

Fudō (1697)

Uwanari* (1699)

Zōhiki (1701)
Kanjinchō (1702) Sukeroku (1713)

Uirō Uri (1718)
Oshimodoshi* (1727) Ya-no-Ne (1729) Kagekiyo (1732)

Kan’u (1737)
Nanatsumen* (1740)
Kenuki (1742)
Gedatsu* (1760)
Jayanagi* (1763) Kamahige (1769) * These plays are generally considered to be no longer performed (to have fallen out of the repertoire); however, revivals have been done, and continue to be done, while on the other hand some of those plays considered to still be in the repertoire may be performed only very infrequently.

Printing effects

Embossing

Chikanobu – Poems for the Four Seasons (1887)

Ink effects – burnishing

Some prints include subtle patterns of shiny and matt ink. These are created by burnishing the front surface with the Baren (the tool that ukiyo-e printers use to rub the paper against the printing block) over a special block created in normal orientation, not reversed. A slightly thicker ink is normally used with a bit more starch to make it stronger and shinier when polished.

Kunisada III (Kunimasa IV) 1888

Kunichika 1873 Kaga-Dyed with Plum Blossoms, Willows, and Cherry Blossoms